十九

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Chinese[edit]

ten nine
simp. and trad.
(十九)
anagram 九十
Chinese cardinal numbers
 <  18 19 20  > 
    Cardinal : 十九

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (28)
Final () (141) (136)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑip̚/ /kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjep̚/ /kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑip̚/ /kuwX/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəp̚/ /kiuX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕp̚/ /kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əp̚/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí jiǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyip › ‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.[ɡ]əp/ /*[k]uʔ/
English ten nine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11452 6941
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjub/ /*kuʔ/

Numeral[edit]

十九

  1. nineteen; 19

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (十九):
  • Japanese: 十九 (じゅうきゅう) (jūkyū)
  • Korean: 십구 (十九, sipgu)

Noun[edit]

十九

  1. nine tenth; the majority
    alt. forms: 什九

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 1
きゅう
Grade: 1
on’yomi
Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  18 19 20  > 
    Cardinal : 十九

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

十九 (hiragana じゅうきゅう, rōmaji jūkyū)

  1. nineteen; 19

Coordinate terms[edit]

Japanese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Regular  (れい) (rei)
 (ゼロ) (zero)
 (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (よん) (yon)
 () (shi)
 () (go)  (ろく) (roku)  (なな) (nana)
 (しち) (shichi)
 (はち) (hachi)  (きゅう) (kyū)
 () (ku)
 (じゅう) ()
Formal  (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (じゅう) ()
90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
Regular  (きゅう) (じゅう) (kyūjū)  (ひゃく) (hyaku)
 (いっ) (ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
 (さん) (びゃく) (sanbyaku)  (ろっ) (ぴゃく) (roppyaku)  (はっ) (ぴゃく) (happyaku)  (せん) (sen)
 (いっ) (せん) (issen)
 (さん) (ぜん) (sanzen)  (はっ) (せん) (hassen)  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)  (いち) (おく) (ichioku)
Formal  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)
1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
 (いっ) (ちょう) (itchō)  (はっ) (ちょう) (hatchō)  (じゅっ) (ちょう) (jutchō)  (いっ) (けい) (ikkei)  (ろっ) (けい) (rokkei)  (はっ) (けい) (hakkei)  (じゅっ) (けい) (jukkei)  (ひゃっ) (けい) (hyakkei)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Numeral[edit]

十九 (sipgu) (hangeul 십구)

  1. Hanja form? of 십구 (nineteen).