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U+5343, 千
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5343

[U+5342]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5344]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
千-order.gif
Stroke order
3 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 竹十 (HJ), four-corner 20400, composition丿)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 155, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2697
  • Dae Jaweon: page 351, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 59, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5343

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
千-oracle.svg 千-bronze.svg 千-silk.svg 千-seal.svg 千-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sn̥ʰiːn
*sn̥ʰiːn
*sn̥ʰiːn, *sn̥ʰiːns
*sn̥ʰiːn
*sn̥ʰiːn
*sn̥ʰiːn
*sn̥ʰiːn
*njin
*njin
*njin
*neːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sn̥ʰiːn): semantic  (one, signifying a number) + phonetic  (OC *njin). The Old Chinese pronunciations of (OC *sn̥ʰiːn) and (OC *njin) were similar. For the component , compare its combining form .

The traditional explanation holds that the extra line indicates an extension (see the etymologies of and ). has the meaning one thousand because one thousand is a number that is reached by extending one's counting.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chheng/chhuiⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhian - literary.
Note:
  • coin1 - Chaozhou;
  • cain1 - Huilai.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰien³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰie̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰi³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰiẽ³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰiẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰin⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰian⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰaiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰõi³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin²³/
/sai²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰen/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰen/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɛn/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰen/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshen ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]/
English thousand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10792
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sn̥ʰiːn/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. thousand
  2. many; numerous
  3. very
See also[edit]
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小写, lower case)


亿

万亿
Financial
(大写, upper case)





亿

万亿

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tr=-”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (tshen, thousand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji chi)

  1. thousand

Derived terms[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana せん, rōmaji sen)

  1. thousand

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.