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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5343
Code point U+5343
Entity number 千
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5342] [U+5344]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
千-order.gif
Stroke order
千-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 竹十 (HJ), four-corner 20400, composition丿)

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral
    Last: ; Next: , .

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 155, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2697
  • Dae Jaweon: page 351, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 59, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5343

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
千-oracle.svg 千-bronze.svg 千-silk.svg 千-bigseal.svg 千-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sn̥ʰiːn): semantic  ‎(one, signifying a number) + phonetic  ‎(OC *njin). 千 was *snin in Old Chinese, similar to 人 *nin. For the component , compare its combining form .

The traditional explanation holds that the extra line indicates an extension (see the etymologies of and ). 千 has the meaning one thousand because one thousand is a number that is reached by extending one's counting.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡sʰien³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰie̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰi³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰiẽ³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰiẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰin⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰian⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰaiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰõi³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin²³/
/sai²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final: (85)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qiān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰen/ /t͡sʰen/ /t͡sʰɛn/ /t͡sʰɛn/ /t͡sʰen/ /t͡sʰien/ /t͡sʰien/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiān ‹ tshen › /*s.n̥ˤi[ŋ]/ thousand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10792 1 /*sn̥ʰiːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thousand
  2. many, numerous
  3. very

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tshen, thousand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. thousand

Derived terms[edit]

Number[edit]

‎(hiragana せん, romaji sen)

  1. thousand

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cheon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏn)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.