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U+5352, 卒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5352

[U+5351]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5353]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
卒-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜人人十 (YOOJ), four-corner 00408, composition𠅃)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 156, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2740
  • Dae Jaweon: page 356, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 63, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5352

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
卒-oracle.svg 卒-bronze.svg 卒-bigseal.svg 卒-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsuːds
*ʔsuːds
*ʔsuːds
*sʰuːds
*sʰuːds, *suːds, *sʰroːds, *ʔsud
*sʰuːds, *ʔsuːd
*sʰuːds
*suːds
*suːds, *suds, *zud
*ʔslulʔ, *sʰluds
*ʔslulʔ
*ʔslulʔ, *sʰluds
*ʔsuds
*sʰuds
*zuds
*zuds
*zuds
*zuds
*suds
*suds
*suds
*ʔsuːd, *sʰuːd, *ʔsud
*ʔsuːd
*sʰuːd
*zuːd
*zuːd, *zud
*zuːd
*suːd
*zud
*zud
*ʔsuːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (“clothes”) with a mark.

Etymology 1[edit]

From (OC *ʔsluː, “to meet”) + nominal suffix *-t (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
/t͡ɕyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sən²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sut̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡syt̚⁵⁵/
/t͡sɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡søt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡souʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡so²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (13)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swət̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡suət̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡suət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤut/
English soldier

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 17955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsuːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. soldier
  2. servant
  3. (Chinese chess) black pawn
Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (そつ) (sotsu)
  • Korean: (, jol)
  • Vietnamese: tốt ()

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “from ST *(t/d)u-n/t? Related to 瘁/悴, 酋, 傮, 造, 秋?”

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
/t͡ɕyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sən²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sut̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡syt̚⁵⁵/
/t͡sɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡søt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡souʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡so²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (13)
Final () (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ut/
English finish, die

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 17964
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsud/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to finish
  2. to pass away; to die
    1992 / 1992  ―  yú 1992 nián  ―  die in 1992
  3. at last; finally

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 17959
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “hurried; suddenly”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (cuì).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
そつ
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そつ, rōmaji sotsu)

  1. low-ranking soldier
  2. Short for 卒業.
  3. Short for 卒族.
  4. Short for 卒去.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jol) (hangeul , revised jol, McCune-Reischauer chol)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tốt, chốt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.