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See also:
U+5352, 卒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5352

[U+5351]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5353]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
卒-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 24, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜人人十 (YOOJ), four-corner 00408, composition𠅃)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 156, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2740
  • Dae Jaweon: page 356, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 63, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5352

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
卒-oracle.svg 卒-bronze.svg 卒-seal.svg 卒-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (“clothes”) with a mark.

Etymology 1[edit]

From (OC *ʔsluː, “to meet”) + nominal suffix *-t (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
/t͡ɕyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sən²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sut̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡syt̚⁵⁵/
/t͡sɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡søt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡souʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡so²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (13)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swət̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡suət̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡suət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁut/
English soldier

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 17955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsuːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. soldier
  2. servant
  3. (xiangqi) pawn; private; soldier (on the black side)
Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (そつ) (sotsu)
  • Korean: (, jol)
  • Vietnamese: tốt ()

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from ST *(t/d)u-n/t? Related to 瘁/悴, 酋, 傮, 造, 秋?”)

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡su⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡su³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
/t͡ɕyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sən²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡səi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sut̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡syt̚⁵⁵/
/t͡sɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡søt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡souʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡so²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (13)
Final () (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ut/
English finish, die

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 17964
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsud/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to finish
  2. to pass away; to die
    1992 / 1992  ―  yú 1992 nián  ―  die in 1992
  3. at last; finally

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 17959
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “hurried; suddenly”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (cuì).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
そつ
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そつ, rōmaji sotsu)

  1. low-ranking soldier
  2. Short for 卒業.
  3. Short for 卒族.
  4. Short for 卒去.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jol) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tốt, chốt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.