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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(hang together)

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十大尸尸 (JKSS), four-corner 44027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 156, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 357, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 64, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5354

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕie⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiə⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Xining /ɕi²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕie¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiə⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕie³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /ɕieʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiaʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ji²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕieʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕia⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕie²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiap̚⁵/
Taoyuan /hiɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hip̚³/
Nanning /hip̚³³/
Hong Kong /hip̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiap̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiap̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiap̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (158)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xié
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦep̚/ /ɦep̚/ /ɣɛp̚/ /ɦɛp̚/ /ɣep̚/ /ɣiep̚/ /ɣiep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xié ‹ hep › /*[ɢ]ˤep/ in harmony

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13788 2 /*ɦleːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cooperate
  2. to assist
  3. harmonious
  4. united

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hiệp, hiếp, híp)

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