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See also:
U+53B2, 厲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53B2

[U+53B1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53B3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 27, +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一廿田月 (MTWB), four-corner 71227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 163, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3041
  • Dae Jaweon: page 371, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 77, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+53B2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
厲-bronze.svg 厲-seal.svg 厲-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·rads): semantic + abbreviated phonetic (OC *m̥ʰraːds).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lī - vernacular;
  • lē - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (35)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liᴇiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɛiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljæiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /liajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /liɛiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭɛiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ɛiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lai6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljejH › ‹ ljejH › ‹ ljejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]at-s/ /*[r]at-s/ /*[r]at-s/
    English cruel grindstone epidemic

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12621
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m·rads/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fierce; stern
    2. severe; strict
      /   ―  yán  ―  strict; stern; sever
    3. ferocious
    4. (Classical Chinese) Same as (, “whetstone; to sharpen”).
    5. (literary) to encourage; to urge
    6. (literary) to raise; to exert
    7. Alternative form of 濿𪵱 (, “to ford”).
    8. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Same as (lài).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. whetstone
    2. grind
    3. sharpen

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (ryeo))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: lẹ, lệ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.