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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 27 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一廿田月 (MTWB), four-corner 71227, composition)

  1. whetstone
  2. grind, sharpen
  3. whet
  4. a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 163, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3041
  • Dae Jaweon: page 371, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 77, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+53B2

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (厲), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力制切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liᴇiH/ /li̯ɛiH/ /liɛiH/ /liɛiH/ /liajH/ /lĭɛiH/ /ljæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ljejH › /*[r]at-s/ cruel
‹ ljejH › /*[r]at-s/ grindstone
‹ ljejH › /*[r]at-s/ epidemic

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12621 1 /*m·rads/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryeo) (hangeul , revised ryeo, McCune-Reischauer ryŏ)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lệ, lẹ)

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