反客為主

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

wrong side out or up; anti- customer; visitor; guest
 
because of; for; to
because of; for; to; act as; take...to be; to be; to do; to serve as; to become
 
to own; to host; master
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
trad. (反客為主)
simp. (反客为主)
Literally: “to make the guest and host exchange roles”.

Etymology[edit]

From Romance of the Three Kingdoms:

為人輕躁激勸士卒拔寨前進步步為營反客為主 [Written Vernacular Chinese, trad.]
为人轻躁激劝士卒拔寨前进步步为营反客为主 [Written Vernacular Chinese, simp.]
From: Romance of the Three Kingdoms, circa 14th century CE
Yuān wéirén qīngzào, shì yǒng shào móu. Kě jīquàn shìzú, bázhài qiánjìn, bùwéiwèiyíng, yòu Yuān lái zhàn ér qín zhī, cǐ nǎi “fǎnkèwéizhǔ” zhī fǎ. [Pinyin]
This Xiahou Yuan is easily provoked to anger, and being angry he is bold without discretion. Your way now is to work up the enthusiasm of your soldiers, then break camp and advance. Do this in a series of marches, and you will excite him up to the point of giving battle, when you can capture him. They call this the 'Ruse of the Interchange of Host and Guest'.

Pronunciation[edit]


Idiom[edit]

反客為主

  1. to turn from passive to active behaviour