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U+53E3, 口
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53E3

[U+53E2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53E4]
See also: (katakana), (hangul) , and (wéi)

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
口-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 口 (R), four-corner 60000)

  1. Kangxi radical #30, (mouth).
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №22

Usage notes[edit]

This character (口) is used within characters; if a square is instead used as an enclosure (around) a character, then the character is used instead.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 171, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3227
  • Dae Jaweon: page 379, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 566, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+53E3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠙵
𠮚

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
口-oracle.svg 口-bronze.svg 口-silk.svg 口-bigseal.svg 口-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːʔ
*kʰoːʔ
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoːs
*kʰoːʔ
*kʰoːs

Pictogram (象形) – resembles an open mouth.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kou2 - vernacular;
  • kou3 - literary.
Note:
  • kháu - vernacular;
  • káu - vernacular (limited, e.g. 啞口);
  • khó͘/khió - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰou²¹⁴/
Harbin /kʰou²¹³/
Tianjin /kʰou¹³/
Jinan /kʰou⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kʰou⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰou⁵³/
Xi'an /kʰou⁵³/
Xining /kʰɯ⁵³/
Yinchuan /kʰəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /kʰou⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kʰɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /kʰəu⁴²/
Chengdu /kʰəu⁵³/
Guiyang /kʰəu⁴²/
Kunming /kʰəu⁵³/
Nanjing /kʰəɯ²¹²/
Hefei /kʰɯ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰəu⁵³/
Pingyao /kʰəu¹³/
Hohhot /kʰəu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɤ³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰɤ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /kʰø⁵³/
Wenzhou /kʰau³⁵/
Hui Shexian /kʰiu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kʰəɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kʰiɛu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰeu³¹/
Taoyuan /kʰeu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu³⁵/
Nanning /hɐu³⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐu³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔ⁵³/
/kʰau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰau³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰe²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xɔu²¹³/
/xau²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwX/
Li
Rong
/kʰuX/
Wang
Li
/kʰəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ khuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤ(r)oʔ/
English mouth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mouth   (Classifier: c)
      ―  Shù shù nǐ de kǒu.  ―  Rinse your mouth out.
  2. entrance; opening; mouth (of an object)
      ―  kǒu  ―  entrance
      ―  chūkǒu  ―  exit
  3. hole; cut
      ―  kǒuzi  ―  hole
    /   ―  shāngkǒu  ―  wound
  4. government organ; department
  5. Classifier for family members, populations and guns.
  6. Classifier for bites or mouthfuls.
    可以 / 可以  ―  Wǒ kěyǐ chī yī kǒu ma?  ―  Can I have a bite?

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“mouth”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 嘴巴嘴巴子
Chengdu 嘴巴
Yangzhou 嘴巴子
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 嘴巴
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou 嘴嘴
Xiang Changsha 嘴巴嘴巴子
Shuangfeng 嘴巴

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
くち
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くち, romaji kuchi)

  1. mouth
  2. opening

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: ku)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: ip, McCune-Reischauer: ip)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぐち, romaji guchi)

  1. language
  2. dialect
  3. speech

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khẩu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.