吃驚

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See also: 吃惊

Chinese[edit]

 
eat; eradicate; destroy; receive; stammer
 
to startle; to be frightened; to be scared; alarm
trad. (吃驚)
simp. (吃惊)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

吃驚

  1. to be taken aback; to be startled

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きつ > きっ
Hyōgaiji
きょう
Grade: S
on'yomi

/kikkjau//kikkjɔː//kikkjoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 吃驚 (/kɨt̚ kˠiæŋ/, literally to stammer, to falter + to be afraid).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

吃驚 (hiragana きっきょう, rōmaji kikkyō, historical hiragana きっきやう)

  1. a surprise, a fright

Verb[edit]

吃驚する (hiragana きっきょう, rōmaji kikkyō, alternative reading きっきやう, rōmaji kikkiyau)

  1. to be surprised, to be frightened
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: S
Irregular

Derivation from the びく (biku) root found in other terms such as びくっと (bikutto, startedly), びくつく (bikutsuku, to shiver, as from fright; to startle; to become nervous). The underlying meaning of the root appears to be twitch or start (noun).[2]

This is one of many adverbs formed by the addition of the suffix (ri) to the root, and then gemination of the middle consonant. The suffix may derive from the auxiliary verb (ri), itself from classical verb あり (ari, is, are).

*bikubikuribikkuri

The kanji spellings for this term are very rare. The kana spellings びっくり or ビックリ are much more common.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

吃驚 (hiragana びっくり, katakana ビックリ, rōmaji bikkuri)

  1. startledly, surprisedly, astonishedly
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

吃驚する (hiragana びっくり, katakana ビックリ, rōmaji bikkuri)

  1. to be surprised, to be startled, to be frightened, to be astonished
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan