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See also:
U+5442, 呂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5442

[U+5441]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5443]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口竹口 (RHR), four-corner 60600, composition丿口)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 181, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 577, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5442

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms “spine”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lū/lǐr/lī/līr - vernacular;
  • lú/lír/lí - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3li - vernacular;
    • 3ly - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ly²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ly²¹³/
    Tianjin /luei¹³/
    /ly¹³/
    Jinan /ly⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ly⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ly⁵³/
    Xi'an /ly⁵³/
    Xining /l̩ʷ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ly⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ly⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ly⁵¹/
    Wuhan /y⁴²/
    Chengdu /ny⁵³/
    Guiyang /ni⁴²/
    Kunming /luei⁵³/
    Nanjing /ly²¹²/
    Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ly⁵³/
    Pingyao /luei⁵³/
    Hohhot /ly⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ly²³/
    Suzhou /li³¹/
    Hangzhou /lz̩ʷ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /løy³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ly³⁵/
    Tunxi /li³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /lei⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /nəi⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /li²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /li⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /li²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /løy²³/
    Nanning /ly²⁴/
    Hong Kong /løy¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lu⁵³/
    /lu²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ly³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lɯ³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /li³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨʌX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɔX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liɔX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /liɔX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭoX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯woX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljoX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]aʔ/
    English spine; pitch-pipe

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8579
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) spine
    2. (music) even-numbered notes in shí'èrlǜ
    3. , a state in China that existed in the early years of the Spring and Autumn Period
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. spine
    2. backbone

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryeo) (hangeul , revised ryeo, McCune–Reischauer ryŏ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (, lả, lỡ, lử, lữa, rả, rứa, trả, trở, lớ, lở, lữ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.