咖啡

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See also: 珈琲

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (咖啡)
simp. #(咖啡)
alternative forms
 
架非 obsolete
架菲 obsolete
架啡 obsolete
架飛架飞 obsolete
加菲 obsolete
架非 obsolete
架菲 obsolete
架啡 obsolete
架飛架飞 obsolete
加菲 obsolete
加非 obsolete
加啡 obsolete
茄啡 obsolete
迦非 obsolete
考非 obsolete
喀非 obsolete
㗎啡 Cantonese
㗝呸 Malay borrowing
㗝啤 Malay borrowing
高丕 Hokkien (obsolete)
戈丕 Hokkien (obsolete)
糕啤 Teochew
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Etymology[edit]

The pronunciations in different Chinese varieties originate from a variety of languages:

Variety Pronunciation Donor language and word
Mandarin kāfēi French café (coffee)
Cantonese gaa3 fe1
Taishanese ga1 fie2
Dungan kofi͡ə Russian ко́фе (kófe, coffee)
Cantonese go3 bi1 Malay kopi (coffee)
Hokkien ko-pi, ko-phi
Teochew go1 bi5, gu1 bi5
Philippine Hokkien ka-pé Tagalog kape (coffee)[1]
Shanghainese khá-fi English coffee

Other pronunciations, such as Taiwanese Hokkien ka-pi, Taiwanese Hakka kâ-pî, Teochew gia1 hui1 and Min Dong gă-pĭ, are likely literal pronunciations of the individual characters, inferred using the youbian dubian (有邊讀邊) method.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: go3 bi1 - Kuala Lumpur, Singapore.
Note:
  • gia1 hui1 - China;
  • go1 bi5 - Singapore.
  • Wu
  • Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Sichuanese”
    Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Min Bei”
    Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Xiang”
    Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Gan”

    Noun[edit]

    咖啡

    1. coffee (Classifier: )
      咖啡  ―  zhǔ kāfēi  ―  to make coffee
      咖啡咖啡  ―  nóng kāfēi  ―  strong coffee
      現磨咖啡现磨咖啡  ―  xiànmó kāfēi  ―  freshly ground coffee
      特色咖啡  ―  tèsè kāfēi  ―  specialty coffee
      阿拉伯咖啡  ―  Ālābó kāfēi  ―  Arabian coffee
      取代咖啡飲品 [MSC, trad.]
      取代咖啡饮品 [MSC, simp.]
      néng qǔdài kāfēi de yǐnpǐn [Pinyin]
      a drink that can replace coffee
      咖啡提神 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Wǒ yào hē bēi kāfēi tí tíshén. [Pinyin]
      I'd like a cup of coffee to refresh myself.

    Usage notes[edit]

    Just like the English term coffee, 咖啡 can refer to coffee generically, as well as coffee beans, ground coffee, coffee powder or a cup of coffee specifically. See the derived terms listed below for these specific terms.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (咖啡):
    • Korean: 가배 (咖啡, gabae)

    Others:

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Lim, Vicente (1941) Chinese-English-Tagalog-Spanish Business conversation and social contact with Amoy pronunciation[1], Manila: Poc Bon Book Co., page 114

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    咖啡 (gabae) (hangeul 가배)

    1. Hanja form? of 가배 ((archaic or in brand names) coffee).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự in this term

    Noun[edit]

    咖啡: Nôm readings: cà phê[1][2]

    1. Nôm form of cà phê (coffee).

    References[edit]