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U+54E5, 哥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54E5

[U+54E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54E6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口弓口 (MRNR), four-corner 10621, composition可)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 190, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3641
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 624, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+54E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡ·raːlʔ
kaːl
kaːl, *ɡaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːl
kaːlʔ
kaːlʔ
kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
kʰaːl
kʰaːlʔ
kʰaːlʔ
kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
qʰaːl
qʰaːl
qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
ɡaːl
ɡaːl
ɡaːl
ɡaːls
qaːl
qaːl, *qaːlʔ
qaːl, *kʰraːls
qaːl
娿 qaːl, *qaːlʔ
qaːl
kʰraːlʔ
qʰraːlʔ

Stacked form of (OC *kʰaːlʔ).

Etymology[edit]

“elder brother”
This sense is attested in Medieval Chinese, and became popular during the Tang dynasty, gradually displacing (MC hˠwiæŋ).
It is a clipping of 阿哥 (MC ʔɑ kɑ), a borrowing from Xianbei *aqa (elder brother) (Mei, 2015). Compare Proto-Mongolic *aka, whence also Mongolian ᠠᠬ᠎ᠠ (aq-a, elder brother). Related to 阿干 (MC ʔɑ kɑn), which is the definite form of the same Xianbei word (Mei, 2015).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: koh - only in 哥哥.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ka/
Li
Rong
/kɑ/
Wang
Li
/kɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7437
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. older brother; elder brother
  2. older male relative of the same generation
  3. (polite) term of address for a male person of the same age
  4. Original form of (, “song”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ca, kha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.