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U+5561, 啡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5561

[U+5560]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5562]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口中一卜 (RLMY), four-corner 61011, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1382, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 418, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 639, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5561

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰɯːlʔ
*brɯːl
*brɯːl
*brɯːl, *buːl
*prɯl
*breː, *brɯːls
*puːls
*buːl, *bɯl
*buːl
*buːlʔ
*buːlʔ, *pɯds, *bɯl, *bɯls
*pɯl
*pɯl
*pɯl
*pɯl
*pɯl, *pʰɯlʔ
*pɯl
*pɯl, *pʰɯl
*pɯl, *pɯlʔ, *pɯls
*pɯl, *pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ, *bɯls
*pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ
*pɯls
*pʰɯl
*pʰɯl, *pʰɯlʔ, *bɯls
*pʰɯl
*pʰɯl
*pʰɯlʔ
*pʰɯlʔ
*bɯl, *bɯls
*bɯlʔ
*bɯls
*bɯls
*bɯls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰɯːlʔ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *pɯl).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pi - colloquial (used in 咖啡);
    • hui - literary.
  • Wu
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in transcription.
        ―  fēi  ―  coffee
      /   ―  fēi  ―  morphine
    2. (chiefly Cantonese) Short for 咖啡 (kāfēi, “coffee”).
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zaai1 fe1 [Jyutping]  ―  black coffee
    3. (~色) (chiefly Cantonese) brown

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰʌiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰəiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰɒiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰəjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰᴀiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰɒiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰɑ̆iX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pěi
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3063
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰɯːlʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): はい (hai), (he), (hi)
    • Kun: いびき (ibiki), つば (tsuba)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bae, bi) (hangeul , , revised bae, bi, McCune–Reischauer pae, pi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.