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U+5584, 善
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5584

[U+5583]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5585]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿土廿口 (TGTR) or 廿廿口 (TTR), four-corner 80605, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 418, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 660, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5584

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
善-bronze.svg 善-silk.svg 善-bigseal.svg 善-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjenʔ
*tjenʔ
*ɡjenʔ
*ɡjenʔ
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*djenʔ, *djens
*djenʔ, *djens
*djenʔ
*djenʔ
*ɡjens
*djens
*djens

From ("say a lot") + ("goat" [=offering]), with the implied meaning of "virtuous." (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: siêng6 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑianX/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]e[n]ʔ/
English good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11084
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjenʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. good, virtuous, charitable, kind

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiện, thiến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.