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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿土廿口 (TGTR) or 廿廿口 (TTR), four-corner 80605, composition)

Etymology[edit]

From ("say a lot") + ("goat" [=offering]), with the implied meaning of "virtuous." (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 418, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 660, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5584

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑianX/ /ʑĭɛnX/ /d͡ʑjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shàn ‹ dzyenX › /*[ɡ]e[n]ʔ/ good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11084 2 /*ɡjenʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. good, virtuous, charitable, kind

Antonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiện, thiến)

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