Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(box, enclosure) +  ‎(person) – an enclosed person: confinement, prisoner.

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田人 (WO), four-corner 60800, composition)

  1. prisoner, convict
  2. confine

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 216, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4680
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+56DA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiou³⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiou⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiou⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiou⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siou⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiou²⁴/
Xining /ɕiɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiou⁵³/
/t͡ɕʰiou⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiəu²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕiəu³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiəu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiəu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɤ¹³/
Suzhou /zɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiø²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡siəu¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ziəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /siu¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siu³¹/
/sɔu³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (17)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨu/ /zi̯ə̯u/ /ziu/ /ziu/ /zuw/ /zĭəu/ /ziəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiú ‹ zjuw › /*sə.lu/ prisoner

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10554 1 /*lju/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.