国語

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See also: 国语 and 國語

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こく
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From (koku, nation) +‎ (go, language). The sense of "Mandarin" is derived from Taiwanese usage of the identical Chinese word 國語国语 (guóyǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

国語(こくご) (kokugo (kyūjitai 國語)

  1. a language; a national language
    ()(こく)()(ほう)(そう)
    nika kokugo hōsō
    bilingual broadcast
    • 2018, “Nippon daihyō jugoshin Kawashima Eiji ga nanaka kokugo o ayatsureru wake”, in Yomiuri Shimbun[1]:
      日本代表(にほんだいひょう)密着取材(みっちゃくしゅざい)する(もと)(かわ)(えつ)子氏(こし)に、川島(かわしま)(なな)国語(こくご)(あやつ)れるようになったわけを解説(かいせつ)してもらった。
      Nihon daihyō ni mitchaku shuzai suru Motokawa Etsuko-shi ni, Kawashima ga nanaka kokugo o ayatsureru yō ni natta wake o kaisetsu shite moratta.
      Etsuko Motokawa, who has been covering the Japanese representative closely, explains that Kawashima has acquired good command of seven different languages.
  2. (specifically) the Japanese language
    (こく)()()(てん)
    kokugo jiten
    dictionary of the national language; Japanese dictionary
  3. Mandarin; Standard Mandarin
    • 2018 June 2, “Taiwan no wakamono de ‘chūinfugō’ ga aisareteiru wake [Why Taiwan’s young people love ‘bopomofo’]”, in Nippon.com[2]:
      現在(げんざい)台湾人(タイワンじん)台湾(タイワン)ナショナリズムを主張(しゅちょう)する(さい)、そこには台湾(タイワン)国語(こくご)中国(チュウゴク)()(つう)()(ちが)いはどこにあるのかという問題(もんだい)直面(ちょくめん)する。
      Genzai no Taiwan-jin ga Taiwan nashonarizumu o shuchō suru sai, soko ni wa Taiwan no kokugo to Chūgoku no futsūwa no chigai wa doko ni aru no ka to iu mondai ni chokumen suru.
      For Taiwanese people currently asserting Taiwan nationalism, articulating the differences between Taiwanese Mandarin and China’s Putonghua has emerged as an issue.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN