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U+5713, 圓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5713

[U+5712]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5714]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田口月金 (WRBC), four-corner 60806, composition)

  1. circle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 724, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5713

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

especially “yen”
second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
圓-seal.svg 圓-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢon): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɢon, *ɢun).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: jen1 - “yen” (Hong Kong colloquial borrowing from English yen).
Note:
  • ièng - vernacular (“circle; round”);
  • uòng - literary (“complete; currency”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • îⁿ - vernacular;
    • oân - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (17) (35)
    Final () (78) (80)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziuᴇn/ /ɦˠiuᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zʷiɛn/ /ɦʷᵚiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zjuæn/ /ɣiuæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zwian/ /ɦwian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziuɛn/ /ɣjuɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwɛn/ /ɣĭwɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯wɛn/ /i̯wɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuán yuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷ<r>en/
    English round

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16200
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢon/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (mathematics) circle
    2. circular; round
    3. complete; thorough
    4. tactful
    5. to complete
    6. (numismatics) yuan; dollar; yen
      Synonym: (yuán)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (えん) (en)
    • Korean: (, won)

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. round; circle
    2. yen

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    えん
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Noun[edit]

    (えん) (en (kyūjitai, shinjitai , historical kana ゑん)

    1. yen
    2. circle

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 둥글 (dunggeul won))

    1. won, circle

    Noun[edit]

    (won) (hangeul )

    1. Hanja form? of (won, circle).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (viên, vin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.