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U+5713, 圓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5713

[U+5712]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5714]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田口月金 (WRBC), four-corner 60806, composition)

  1. circle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 724, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5713

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

especially “yen”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
圓-bigseal.svg 圓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢon, *ɢun
*ɢon
*qʰon
*sqʰuːnʔ
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*qʰun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun, *ɢuns
*ɢʷɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢon): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɢon, *ɢun).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: jen1 - “yen” (Hong Kong colloquial borrowing from English yen).
Note:
  • ièng - vernacular (“circle; round”);
  • uòng - literary (“complete; currency”).
Note:
  • îⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (17) (35)
Final () (78) (80)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziuᴇn/ /ɦˠiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/zʷiɛn/ /ɦʷᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjuæn/ /ɣiuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zwian/ /ɦwian/
Li
Rong
/ziuɛn/ /ɣjuɛn/
Wang
Li
/zĭwɛn/ /ɣĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯wɛn/ /i̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xuán yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ<r>en/
English round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢon/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (mathematics) circle
  2. circular; round
  3. complete; thorough
  4. tactful
  5. to complete
  6. (numismatics) yuan; dollar; yen
    Synonyms: (yuán)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. round; circle
  2. yen

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. yen
  2. circle

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Hanja[edit]

(won)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
    • Name (hangeul): 둥글 (McCune-Reischauer: tunggŭl)
  1. won, circle

Noun[edit]

(won) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “won, circle”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, vin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.