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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田口月金 (WRBC), four-corner 60806, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 724, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5713

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (圓), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 似宣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ziuᴇn/ /zi̯wɛn/ /ziuɛn/ /zʷiɛn/ /zwian/ /zĭwɛn/ /zjuæn/
Character (圓), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 王權切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦiuᴇn/ /i̯wɛn/ /ɣiuɛn/ /ɦʷiɛn/ /ɦwian/ /ɣĭwɛn/ /ɣjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ hjwen › /*ɢʷ<r>en/ round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16200 3 /*ɢon/ 同圜

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) circular, round
  2. yen (Japanese currency)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. round; circle
  2. yen

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana えん, romaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. yen
  2. circle

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Hanja[edit]

(won)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
  1. won, circle

Noun[edit]

(won) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “won, circle”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, vin)

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