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U+5713, 圓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5713

[U+5712]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5714]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田口月金 (WRBC), four-corner 60806, composition)

  1. circle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 724, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5713

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

especially “yen”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
圓-seal.svg 圓-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢon, *ɢun
*ɢon
*qʰon
*sqʰuːnʔ
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*qʰun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun, *ɢuns
*ɢʷɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢon): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɢon, *ɢun).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: jen1 - “yen” (Hong Kong colloquial borrowing from English yen).
Note:
  • ièng - vernacular (“circle; round”);
  • uòng - literary (“complete; currency”).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • îⁿ - vernacular;
    • oân - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (17) (35)
    Final () (78) (80)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ziuᴇn/ /ɦˠiuᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zʷiɛn/ /ɦʷᵚiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zjuæn/ /ɣiuæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zwian/ /ɦwian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziuɛn/ /ɣjuɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwɛn/ /ɣĭwɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯wɛn/ /i̯wɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuán yuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷ<r>en/
    English round

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16200
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢon/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (mathematics) circle
    2. circular; round
    3. complete; thorough
    4. tactful
    5. to complete
    6. (numismatics) yuan; dollar; yen
      Synonyms: (yuán)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. round; circle
    2. yen

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    えん
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Noun[edit]

    (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

    1. yen
    2. circle

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Hanja[edit]

    (won)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: wŏn)
      • Name (hangeul): 둥글 (McCune–Reischauer: tunggŭl)
    1. won, circle

    Noun[edit]

    (won) (hangeul )

    1. Hanja form? of (won, circle).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (viên, vin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.