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U+5713, 圓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5713

[U+5712]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5714]
See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田口月金 (WRBC), four-corner 60806, composition)

  1. circle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4819
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 724, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5713

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms Japanese yen only

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
圓-bigseal.svg 圓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢon, *ɢun
*ɢon
*qʰon
*sqʰuːnʔ
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*qʰun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun, *ɢuns
*ɢʷɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢon): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɢon, *ɢun).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: jen1 - "yen" (Hong Kong colloquial borrowing from English).
Note:
  • oân - literary;
  • îⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (17) (35)
Final () (78) (80)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziuᴇn/ /ɦˠiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/zʷiɛn/ /ɦʷᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjuæn/ /ɣiuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zwian/ /ɦwian/
Li
Rong
/ziuɛn/ /ɣjuɛn/
Wang
Li
/zĭwɛn/ /ɣĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯wɛn/ /i̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xuán yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ<r>en/
English round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢon/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (mathematics) circle
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) circular, round
  3. yen (Japanese currency)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. round; circle
  2. yen

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana えん, romaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. yen
  2. circle

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Hanja[edit]

‎(won)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
  • Name (hangeul): 둥글 (McCune-Reischauer: tunggŭl)
  1. won, circle

Noun[edit]

‎(won) ‎(hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “won, circle”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, vin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.