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U+57A3, 垣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57A3

[U+57A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57A4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 土一日一 (GMAM), four-corner 41116, composition)

  1. low wall

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 228, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5060
  • Dae Jaweon: page 464, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 437, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+57A3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
垣-bronze-warring.svg 垣-seal.svg 垣-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰrolʔ, *qʰonʔ
*qʰoːn, *ɡoːn, *qʰon
*ɡoːn, *ɡɯːŋ
*ɡoːn
*ɡoːn, *kɯːŋ
*ɡoːn
*sqʰon
*qʰonʔ
*qʰonʔ
*ɡʷaːn
*ɡʷaːn, *ɢʷan
*sqʰʷan
*sqʰʷan, *qʰʷanʔ
*sqʰʷan
*sqʰʷans
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*ɢʷan
*qʰʷans

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuan/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷar/
English wall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14017
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wall
  2. city

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): えん (en)
  • Kun: かき (kaki, , Jōyō)

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かき
Grade: S
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かき, rōmaji kaki)

  1. fence

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN