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U+57FF, 埿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57FF

[U+57FE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5800]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水心土 (EPG), composition)

  1. (archaic variant of ) mud, mire
  2. earth, clay
  3. plaster

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5204
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 458, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+57FF

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dirt; mud; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. mud

Readings[edit]

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

As a variant/ancient form of :

  • Go-on: ない (nai)
  • Kan-on: でい (dei)

As a variant form of :

Readings shared by both forms:

Usage notes[edit]

Used as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨de⟩ and ⟨pi1 in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE).

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひじ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひじ, rōmaji hiji, historical hiragana ひぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of (hiji): mud
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うき
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うき, rōmaji uki)

  1. Alternative spelling of (uki): a marshland, swamp