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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(field) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土日一竹 (GAMH), four-corner 46127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 234, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5278
  • Dae Jaweon: page 472, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 462, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5834

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (場), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋ/ /ȡʱi̯aŋ/ /ȡiaŋ/ /ɖiɐŋ/ /ɖɨaŋ/ /ȡĭaŋ/ /ȡiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháng ‹ drjang › /*[l]raŋ/ arena

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14580 0 /*l'aŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. open space, field, market
    農貿市 / 农贸市  ―  nóngmào shìchǎng  ―  farmer's market
    /   ―  zhànchǎng  ―  battlefield
  2. threshing floor
  3. large place used for a specific purpose
  4. stage
  5. scene (of a play)
  6. classifier for events and happenings: spell, episode, bout
  7. classifier for sporting or recreational activities
    / [Cantonese]  ―  daa1 jat1 coeng4 syu1 jat1 coeng4 [Jyutping]  ―  play a round and lose a round
  8. classifier for number of exams
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alteration from Old Japanese ‎(/*nipa/, garden, yard).

/*nipa/ > /*niba/ > /ba/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ba)

  1. a place
  2. (physics) a field

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ba)

  1. sections of a play

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana ぢやう)

  1. a flattened area used for festivals or ceremonies
  2. a place where events are held

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana じょう, romaji -jō, historical hiragana ぢやう)

  1. place, arena, course
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trường, tràng, long)

  1. school

Compounds[edit]