塗る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese.[1] Possibly related to 濡れる (nureru, to get wet).[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "塗る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
塗る [nùrú]
Imperative (命令形) 塗れ [nùré]
Key constructions
Passive 塗られる られる [nùrárérú]
Causative 塗らせる らせる [nùrásérú]
Potential 塗れる れる [nùrérú]
Volitional 塗ろう [nùróꜜò]
Negative 塗らない らない [nùránáí]
Negative perfective 塗らなかった らなかった [nùránáꜜkàttà]
Formal 塗ります りま [nùrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 塗った った [nùttá]
Conjunctive 塗って って [nùtté]
Hypothetical conditional 塗れば [nùréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (nurutransitive godan (stem () (nuri), past ()った (nutta))

  1. to paint or plaster
  2. to spread on, to dab on, to apply
    (あぶら)()
    abura o nuru
    grease, anoint with oil
  3. to fill in
    マークシート()
    mākushīto o nuru
    to fill in the bubble sheet

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shinmura, Izuru, editor (1998), 広辞苑 (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN