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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *peːɡ): semantic  ‎(earth) + phonetic  ‎(OC *peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ) – an earthen wall.

Wikipedia

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 尸十土 (SJG), four-corner 70104, composition)

  1. partition wall
  2. walls of a house
  3. (astronomy) the Wall, a Chinese constellation near Pegasus and Andromeda

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 240, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 479, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 494, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+58C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi⁵³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
/pia²⁴/
Xiangtan /piɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /piɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /piak̚¹/
Taoyuan /piɑk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
/piaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piɛʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
/pia²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/
/ʔbia⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pek̚/
Wang
Li
/piek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pek ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.pˤek/
English house wall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 688
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wall
  2. rampart
  3. cliff
    • 峭壁 (qiàobì, “cliff, steep”)
  4. (astronomy) the Wall, a Chinese constellation. See 壁宿 (Bìxiù).

Hypernyms[edit]

  • 玄武 (Xuánwǔ, “The Black Turtle (constellation)”)
  • 二十八宿 (Èrshíbā Xiù, “The Twenty-Eight Mansions (constellation)”)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かべ
Grade: S
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かべ, romaji kabe)

  1. wall; barrier

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(byeok) (hangeul , revised byeok, McCune-Reischauer pyŏk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bích, bệch, bịch, vách)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.