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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *peːɡ): semantic  ‎(earth) + phonetic  ‎(OC *peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ) – an earthen wall.

Wikipedia

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 尸十土 (SJG), four-corner 70104, composition)

  1. partition wall
  2. walls of a house
  3. (astronomy) the Wall, a Chinese constellation near Pegasus and Andromeda

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 240, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 479, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 494, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+58C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi⁵³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
/pia²⁴/
Xiangtan /piɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /piɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /piak̚¹/
Taoyuan /piɑk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
/piaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piɛʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
/pia²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/
/ʔbia⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final: (127)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pek̚/ /pek̚/ /pɛk̚/ /pɛjk̚/ /pek̚/ /piek̚/ /piek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pek › /*C.pˤek/ house wall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
688 0 /*peːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wall
  2. rampart
  3. cliff
  4. (astronomy) the Wall, a Chinese constellation. See 壁宿 (Bìxiù).

Hypernyms[edit]

  • 玄武 (Xuánwǔ, “The Black Turtle (constellation)”)
  • 二十八宿 (Èrshíbā Xiù, “The Twenty-Eight Mansions (constellation)”)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かべ
Grade: S
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かべ, romaji kabe)

  1. wall; barrier

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(byeok) (hangeul , revised byeok, McCune-Reischauer pyŏk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bích, bệch, bịch, vách)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.