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See also:
U+58C1, 壁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58C1

[U+58C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58C2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 尸十土 (SJG), four-corner 70104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 240, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 479, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 494, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+58C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms second round simplified
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*peːɡs
*beːɡs, *preːɡ
*beːɡs
*peɡs
*pʰeɡs
*beɡs
*preːɡ
*preːɡ
*preːɡ, *pʰreːɡ
*preːɡ
*breːɡ, *peːɡ
*peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*pʰeɡ, *pʰeːɡ
*pʰeɡ, *pʰeːɡ
*pʰeɡ, *peːɡ
*beɡ
*beɡ
*beɡ
*peːɡ
*peːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*beːɡ
鷿 *beːɡ
*mbeːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *peːɡ): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  (OC *peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ) – an earthen wall.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • biáh - vernacular;
  • pék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • piah - vernacular;
    • piak/pek - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
    Harbin /pi⁵³/
    Tianjin /pi⁵³/
    Jinan /pi²¹/
    Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /pi³¹²/
    Xi'an /pi²¹/
    Xining /pji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /pi¹³/
    Lanzhou /pi¹³/
    Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
    Wuhan /pi²¹³/
    Chengdu /pi³¹/
    Guiyang /pi²¹/
    Kunming /pi³¹/
    Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
    Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
    Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /pi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
    /pia²⁴/
    Xiangtan /piɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /piɑʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /piak̚¹/
    Taoyuan /piɑk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
    Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
    /piaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piɛʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
    /pia²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /piaʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/
    /ʔbia⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (127)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pek̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pek̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pɛk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pɛjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pek̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /piek̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /piek̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.pˁek/
    English house wall

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 688
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*peːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. wall; partition
    2. rampart; defensive wall
    3. cliff; precipice
      •   ―  qiào  ―  cliff; steep
    4. something resembling a wall; lumen; surface
    5. (astronomy) (~宿) Wall (Chinese constellation)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かべ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かべ, rōmaji kabe)

    1. wall; barrier
      • 2011 May 14, “アクア・マドール [Aqua Madoll]”, in Beginner's Edition 1, Konami:
         (みず)をあやつる () (ほう)使 (つか)い。 () (あつ) (みず) (かべ)をつくり (てき) ()しつぶす。
        Mizu o ayatsuru mahōtsukai. Buatsui mizu no kabe o tsukuri teki o oshitsubusu.
        A water-manipulating magician who crushes his enemies with his massive water walls.

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (byeok) (hangeul , revised byeok, McCune–Reischauer pyŏk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bích, bệch, bịch, vách)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.