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U+58E4, 壤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58E4

[U+58E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58E5]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 土卜口女 (GYRV), four-corner 40132, composition)

  1. soil, loam, earth
  2. land, area, territory
  3. rich(Can we verify(+) this sense?)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 242, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5608
  • Dae Jaweon: page 482, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 501, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+58E4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːŋ
*naːŋ, *sraŋ, *hnjaŋs, *njaŋʔ
*naːŋʔ
*naːŋʔ, *naːŋs
*naːŋs
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋs
*snaŋ, *snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ, *njaŋs
*hnjaŋ, *hnjaŋʔ, *hnjaŋs
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ, *njaŋs
*njaŋ
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ, *rnaːŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋʔ
*njaŋʔ
*njaŋs
*njaŋs
*rnoːŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*naŋʔ/
English cultivated soil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yang) (hangeul , revised yang, McCune-Reischauer yang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhưỡng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.