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See also:
U+58E4, 壤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58E4

[U+58E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58E5]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 土卜口女 (GYRV), four-corner 40132, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 242, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5608
  • Dae Jaweon: page 482, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 501, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+58E4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njaŋʔ): semantic (earth, dirt) + phonetic (OC *snaŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
joeng5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*naŋʔ/
English cultivated soil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. soil
  2. land; earth; ground
  3. region; area

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ȵɨɐŋX).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ja̠(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (heuk yang))

  1. Hanja form? of (soil).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: nhưỡng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.