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big; great; huge
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
|husband; man; male|
|simp. and trad.
Attestable in pre-Qin texts.
- real man; man of character
- 居天下之廣居，立天下之正位，行天下之大道。得志與民由之，不得志獨行其道。富貴不能淫，貧賤不能移，威武不能屈。此之謂大丈夫。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: Mencius, c. 4th century BCE
- Jū tiānxià zhī guǎngjū, lì tiānxià zhī zhèngwèi, xíng tiānxià zhī dàdào. Dézhì yǔ mín yóu zhī, bùdézhì dúxíng qí dào. Fùguì bùnéng yín, pínjiàn bùnéng yí, wēiwǔ bùnéng qū. Cǐ zhī wèi dàzhàngfū. [Pinyin]
- If you dwell in the great house of the world, are established in your correct position in the world, walk the great Path of the world; if you attain your ambitions for office, and then share your goodness with the people—or, not attaining your ambitions for office and walking alone on your own Path; if wealth and honor do not dissipate you, poverty and low status do not make you move from your principles; authority and might do not distort you: Then you can be called a “great man.”
居天下之广居，立天下之正位，行天下之大道。得志与民由之，不得志独行其道。富贵不能淫，贫贱不能移，威武不能屈。此之谓大丈夫。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- 前識者，道之華而愚之始也。是以大丈夫處其厚，不處其薄；居其實，不居其華。故去彼取此。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: Tao Te Ching, 4th century BCE
- Qiánshí zhě, dào zhī huá ér yú zhī shǐ yě. Shì yǐ dàzhàngfū chù qí hòu, bù chù qí bó; jū qí shí, bù jū qí huá. Gù qù bǐ qǔ cǐ. [Pinyin]
- Foreknowledge is the flower of Tao, but of ignorance the beginning. Therefore a great sportsman abides by the solid and dwells not in the superficial. He abides in the fruit and dwells not in the flower. Therefore he discards the latter and chooses the former.
前识者，道之华而愚之始也。是以大丈夫处其厚，不处其薄；居其实，不居其华。故去彼取此。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- → Japanese: 大丈夫 (daijōbu); 大丈夫 (daijōfu)
- → Korean: 대장부(大丈夫) (daejangbu)
- → Vietnamese: đại trượng phu (大丈夫)
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 大丈夫 (daijōbu), from Chinese 大丈夫.
|Kanji in this term|
- (informal) だいじょぶ (daijobu)
From Chinese 大丈夫, equivalent to 大 (dai-) + 丈夫 (jōbu).
大丈夫 • (daijōbu) ←だいぢやうぶ (daidyaubu)?
(alternative reading hiragana だいじょうふ, rōmaji daijōfu, historical hiragana だいぢやうふ)
大丈夫 • (daijōbu) ←だいぢやうぶ (daidyaubu)?-na (adnominal 大丈夫な (daijōbu na), adverbial 大丈夫に (daijōbu ni))
- (of a person) all right; okay; in good health; uninjured
- Daijōbu desu ka.
- Are you all right?
- Synonym: 無事 (buji)
- 1996 February 20 [Feb 15 1988], Adachi, Mitsuru, “なにがなんだか 後編 [What’s What: Last Chapter]”, in SHORT PROGRAM [Short Program], 25th edition, volume 1 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 283:
- Daijōbu ukarimasu!
- That’ll be all right. You’ll definitely pass!
- Honto ni⁉
- (of an object) all right, unbroken, still working
- certain, correct, certifiable
- (after the te form of a verb) indifferent, unconcerned
- (in response to an offer) no thank you
- In strict terms, declining an offer with 大丈夫 is considered ambiguous. Nonetheless, the usage has become widespread in modern day Japan.
- 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
- 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, →ISBN
|Hanja in this term|
大丈夫 • (daejangbu) (hangeul 대장부)
|Hán tự in this term|
- chữ Hán form of đại trượng phu (“great man”).
From Japanese 大丈夫 (だいじょうぶ, daijōbu), from Chinese 大丈夫.
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