大君

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Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
 
monarch; lord; gentleman; ruler
simp. and trad.
(大君)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (7) (7) (28)
Final () (25) (94) (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () I I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑiH/ /dɑH/ /kɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑiH/ /dɑH/ /kiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑiH/ /dɑH/ /kiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dajH/ /daH/ /kun/
Li
Rong
/dɑiH/ /dɑH/ /kiuən/
Wang
Li
/dɑiH/ /dɑH/ /kĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑiH/ /dʱɑH/ /ki̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dài duò jūn

Noun[edit]

大君

  1. (literary) Son of Heaven; the Emperor
  2. (literary) eldest son

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
きみ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From /*opokimi/ → /*oɸokimi/ → /owokimi/ → /ookimi/ → /oːkimi/. Compound of Old Japanese - elements (ō, great, big, large) +‎ (kimi, lord, lady).[1][2] kimi Sometimes pronounced in modern Japanese as ōgimi.[1][2] The kimi changes to gimi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大君 (hiragana おおきみ, rōmaji ōkimi, historical hiragana おほきみ)

  1. (honorific) the emperor, His Majesty
  2. (honorific) a descendant of the emperor, such as a prince or princess
  3. (honorific) a member of the petty nobility
  4. (honorific) someone of high status
  5. (honorific) one's lord or master
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おおい
Grade: 1
きみ > ぎみ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of Old Japanese - elements (ōi, great, big, large) +‎ (kimi).[1][2] The kimi changes to gimi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大君 (hiragana おおいぎみ, rōmaji ōigimi, historical hiragana おほいぎみ)

  1. (obsolete, honorific) the eldest daughter of a noble family

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
くん
Grade: 3
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 大君 (MC dɑiH kɨun, “big, great + lord”). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing. Compare modern Mandarin 大君 (dàjūn, emperor, lord; god, divinity; eldest son).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大君 (hiragana たいくん, rōmaji taikun)

  1. (honorific) a lord
  2. (honorific) an imperial prince
  3. during the Edo period, an alternative title for the 将軍 (shōgun) of the Tokugawa government, used in communications with other countries
  4. in ancient China, a title given to a royal heir
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN