大和

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Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
 
mix together; peace; harmony; and; with; union; cap (a poem); respond in singing; soft; warm
simp. and trad.
(大和)
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大和

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

大和

  1. Yamato (ancient name for Japan)
  2. Dahe (an ancient kingdom in China in 929 - 934)
  3. () Yamato (a city in Kanagawa, Japan)

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3
Irregular

Etymology 1[edit]

⟨yamato2: [jamatə]/jamato/

From older 邪馬台 (yamatai). Originally a geographical region in Nara, came to refer to all of Nara, and eventually to the country as a whole: Japan.

Chinese texts often used the word (dwarf, midget) to refer to the people of the Japanese archipelago, possibly because they were actually smaller, or more likely as an insult. This character came to be used in early Japanese texts, such as the Man'yōshū poetry compilation, with a kun'yomi or native-Japanese reading of Yamato to refer to Japan in general.

This character also has an on'yomi or borrowed Chinese reading of wa. During the reign of Empress Genmei (707–715), the character with an original Chinese meaning of “midget, dwarf” was replaced with the character that is also read wa, but instead has the more positive meaning of “harmony”, in spellings of the native Japanese term Yamato. The character also has a kun'yomi of yawa, which would have been yaba in ancient times, suggesting another possible phonetic reason to use to spell Yamato (on a softening of the “b”: yabayama). The character meaning “great” was then prefixed to this.[1] The resulting kanji compound 大和 can also be read with a kun'yomi of Ōyamato[2][3] (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana やまと, rōmaji Yamato)

  1. a town in the Shikinoshimo district in the Yamato Province of Japan, generally equivalent to modern Tenri area
  2. a city in Kanagawa Prefecture
  3. one of the old provinces that made up Japan, generally equivalent to modern Nara prefecture
  4. the country of Japan
  5. A male given name
  6. A surname
Synonyms[edit]
  • (Japan): 日本 (Nihon, Nippon)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
Grade: 3
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[6]

Compound of (ō, great, big) +‎ 大和 (Yamato, the ancient Yamato kingdom; Japan). The kanji spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana おおやまと, rōmaji Ōyamato, historical hiragana おほやまと)

  1. (historical) one of the old provinces that made up Japan, generally equivalent to modern Nara prefecture
  2. (poetic) the country of Japan

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1

Grade: 3
on’yomi

Appears to be a borrowing from Middle Chinese 大和 (MC dɑiH|H ɦuɑ|ɦuɑH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana だいわ, rōmaji Daiwa)

  1. an era in history:
    1. (Chinese history) an era during the Tang dynasty, from 827 through 835 CE
    2. (Chinese history) an era during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, from 929 through 935 CE
    3. (Vietnamese history) an era during the reign of Lê Nhân Tông, from 1443 through 1453
  2. a company:
    1. a department store based in Kanazawa
    2. a tourist bus company based in Kagoshima Prefecture
    3. a chain of supermarkets in Kagoshima and Miyazaki prefectures
    4. a financial services company
  3. a place:
    1. a neighborhood in Takatsuki, a city in Osaka Prefecture
    2. a township in Bazhong, a city in Sichuan

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in ja), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.
  6. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 475), text here

Kunigami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 大和 (Yamato).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana やまと゚ぅー, romaji Yamatuu)

  1. Japan

Derived terms[edit]


Miyako[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 大和 (Yamato).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana やまとぅ, romaji Yamatu)

  1. Japan

Derived terms[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 大和 (Yamato).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana やまとぅ, romaji Yamatu)

  1. Japan

Derived terms[edit]


Yaeyama[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 大和 (Yamato).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana やまとぅ, romaji Yamatu)

  1. Japan

Derived terms[edit]


Yonaguni[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 大和 (Yamato).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大和 (hiragana だまとぅ, romaji Damatu)

  1. Japan

Derived terms[edit]