大阪

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 大坂

Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
a slope; hillside
trad. (大阪)
simp. #(大阪)
alternative forms 大坂
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology[edit]

“Osaka”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 大阪 (Ōsaka, literally large hill).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

大阪

  1. () Osaka (the capital city of Osaka Prefecture, Japan)
  2. (~府) Osaka (a prefecture on the island of Honshu, Japan)
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Ōsaka (a Japanese surname)
  4. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Ōzaka (a Japanese surname)

Noun[edit]

大阪

  1. (literary, obsolete) great hill; great mountain; great slope
    天水大坂隴山 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    天水大坂陇山 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 太平御覽
    tiānshuǐ yǒu dàbǎn, míng lǒngshān [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
さか
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 大坂 (obsolete)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Compound of (ō, large, great) +‎ (saka, hill). The geographical area was historically known as 小坂 (Wosaka → Osaka, literally little hill) and was renamed to mean literally a “large hill”. [1][2]

Originally spelled as 大坂 until the early Meiji period, possibly for some superstitious reason.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大阪 (Ōsaka): a sign spelling out the name Ōsaka.

大阪(おおさか) (ōsaka (historical kana おほさか)

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 大阪府 (Ōsaka-fu): a prefecture in the 近畿 (Kinki) region of Japan facing the Seto Inland Sea
    2. Short for 大阪市 (Ōsaka-shi): the capital city of Osaka Prefecture, Japan
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
さか > ざか
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

The saka changes to zaka as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大阪(おおざか) (ōzaka (historical kana おほざか)

  1. Archaic spelling of おおさか (Ōsaka) above
  2. a surname

Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 大坂城のはじまり 『大坂城全史――歴史と構造の謎を解く』「はじめに」 - 中村博司
  2. ^ 浅井建爾 『日本の地名がわかる事典』 日本実業出版、1998年、→ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN