大阪

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See also: 大坂

Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
a slope; hillside
simp. and trad.
(大阪)
variant forms 大坂
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Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 大阪 (Ōsaka, literally large hill).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

大阪

  1. () Ōsaka (a city in Ōsaka, Japan)
  2. (~府) Ōsaka (a prefecture of Japan)

Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
さか
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Compound of (ō, large, great) +‎ (saka, hill). The geographical area was historically known as 小坂 (Wosaka → Osaka, literally little hill) and was renamed to mean literally a “large hill”. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Originally spelled as 大坂 until the early Meiji period, likely due to the confusion of the second kanji.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大阪 (hiragana おおさか, rōmaji Ōsaka, historical hiragana おほさか)

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 大阪府 (Ōsaka-fu): a prefecture in the 近畿 (Kinki) region of Japan facing the Seto Inland Sea
    2. Short for 大阪市 (Ōsaka-shi): the capital city of Osaka Prefecture
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
さか > ざか
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

The saka changes to zaka as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

大阪 (hiragana おおざか, rōmaji Ōzaka, historical hiragana おほざか)

  1. Archaic spelling of おおさか (Ōsaka) above
  2. a surname

Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]