大阪

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See also: 大坂

Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
a slope; hillside
trad. (大阪)
simp. #(大阪)
alternative forms 大坂
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Etymology[edit]

“Osaka”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 大阪 (Ōsaka, literally large hill).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

大阪

  1. () Osaka (the capital city of Osaka Prefecture, Japan)
  2. (~府) Osaka (a prefecture on the island of Honshu, Japan)
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) An orthographic borrowing of the Japanese surname [Term?], Ōsaka; or of [Term?], Ōzaka

Noun[edit]

大阪

  1. (Classical Chinese) great hill; great mountain; great slope

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
さか
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
大坂 (obsolete)
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Compound of (ō, large, great) +‎ (saka, hill). The geographical area was historically known as 小坂 (Wosaka → Osaka, literally little hill) and was renamed to mean literally a “large hill”. [1][2]

Originally spelled as 大坂 until the early Meiji period, possibly for some superstitious reason.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(おお)(さか) (Ōsakaおほさか (ofosaka)?

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 大阪府 (Ōsaka-fu): a prefecture in the 近畿 (Kinki) region of Japan facing the Seto Inland Sea
    2. Short for 大阪市 (Ōsaka-shi): the capital city of Osaka Prefecture, Japan
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
さか > ざか
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

The saka changes to zaka as an instance of rendaku (連濁)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(おお)(ざか) (Ōzakaおほざか (ofozaka)?

  1. Archaic spelling of おおさか (Ōsaka) above
  2. a surname

Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 大坂城のはじまり 『大坂城全史――歴史と構造の謎を解く』「はじめに」 - 中村博司
  2. ^ 浅井建爾 『日本の地名がわかる事典』 日本実業出版、1998年、→ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN