夫人

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Chinese[edit]

husband; man man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(夫人)
anagram 人夫
Literally: “man['s] person”.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (1) (38)
Final () (24) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨo/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/pio/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/pio/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puə̆/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/pio/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/pĭu/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯u/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fu1 jan4

Noun[edit]

夫人

  1. (polite) lady; madam; Mrs. (Classifier: )
    夫人 / 夫人  ―  Wáng fūrén lái le.  ―  Mrs. Wang has arrived.
  2. (historical) wife (of a feudal lord)
  3. (historical, Han dynasty) wife (of a man of the gentry)
  4. (historical) concubine (of a monarch)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (wife):

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (夫人):
  • Japanese: 夫人(ふじん) (fujin)
  • Korean: 부인 (夫人, bu'in)
  • Vietnamese: phu nhân (夫人)

Others:

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Literary Chinese, literally “helping person”.[1][2]

Noun[edit]

()(じん) (fujin

  1. (honorific) (another person's) wife, married lady
    (かれ)夫人(ふじん)をいっしょにつれてきた
    Kare wa fujin o issho ni tsurete-kita
    He was accompanied by his wife
  2. madam, Mrs.
    (わたし)たちは劇場(げきじょう)でブラウン夫人(ふじん)()った
    Watashitachi wa gekijō de Buraun fujin ni atta
    We met Mrs. Brown at the theater
  3. (archaic) wife of a nobleman
  4. (archaic) consort of the emperor

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Book of Rites, 曲禮下:
    天子之妃曰后,諸侯曰夫人,大夫曰孺人,士曰婦人,庶人曰妻。
  2. ^ Shiming, 釋親屬:
    諸侯之妃曰夫人,夫,扶也,扶助其君也。
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

夫人 (bu'in) (hangeul 부인)

  1. Hanja form? of 부인 ((honorific) (another person's) wife).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

夫人

  1. chữ Hán form of phu nhân (lady).