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U+592E, 央
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-592E

[U+592D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+592F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中月大 (LBK), four-corner 50030)

  1. centre
  2. conclude
  3. run out
  4. beg

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5840
  • Dae Jaweon: page 508, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 524, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+592E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
央-oracle.svg 央-bronze.svg 央-bigseal.svg 央-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːŋ, *qaŋ
*qaːŋ
*qaːŋ, *qaːŋʔ
*qaːŋ
*qaːŋ, *qaːŋʔ
*qaːŋʔ
*qaːŋʔ, *qraŋs
*qaːŋʔ, *qaŋ
*qaːŋʔ, *qaːŋs
*qaːŋʔ, *qaŋʔ
*qaːŋʔ
*qaːŋʔ, *qaːŋs
*qaŋ
*qaŋ, *qaŋʔ
*qaŋ
*qaŋ, *qaŋʔ, *qaŋs
*qaŋ, *qraŋ
*qaŋ
*qaŋ, *qroːŋ
*qaŋʔ
*qaŋʔ, *qaŋs, *qraŋs
*qaŋʔ
*qaŋʔ
*qaŋʔ, *qaŋs
*qaŋʔ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋ
*qraŋs

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ng - colloquial (used for central or middle position only);
  • iong/iang - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /iaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /iaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /iaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /iaŋ²¹/
Xining /iɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /iã̠/
Nanjing /iaŋ³¹/
Hefei /iɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iã⁵³/
Suzhou /iã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
Tunxi /iau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ian³³/
Xiangtan /ian³³/
Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ioŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /oŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ⁵³/
Nanning /jœŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jœŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ⁵⁴/
/ɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³³/
/ŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iaŋ²³/
/o²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʔiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yāng yāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjang › ‹ ʔjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔaŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
English end (v.) center (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. centre, middle

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ang) (hangeul , revised ang, McCune-Reischauer ang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ương, trân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.