奈落

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Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
らく
Grade: 3
goon on’yomi
Alternative spellings
那落 (rare)
捺落 (rare)

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit नरक (naraka).[1][2][3][4][5]

First cited to a text from 985 CE.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(らく) (naraku

  1. [from circa 1060] (Buddhism) hell
    Synonyms: 地獄 (jigoku, hell; underworld), 魔界 (makai, hell), 黄泉 (yomi, underworld)
  2. [from 985] falling into hell
  3. [from 1694] the absolute bottom, the last straw, the worst that something can become
  4. [from 1800] (theater) a theater basement, a trap cellar (under the stage)
  5. [from ???] (video games, platform games) bottomless pit; an invisible place below the playable area that usually kills the game characters falling into it

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 奈落”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  5. ^ 奈落”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984