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U+5A46, 婆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A46

[U+5A45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A47]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水水女 (EEV), four-corner 34404, composition)

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 264, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 530, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1061, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5A46

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pral, *prals
*pral, *prals
*pralʔ
*pralʔ
*pralʔ, *prals
*prals
*prals, *paːlʔ
*pʰral, *pʰralʔ
*pʰral
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral
*pʰral, *brals
*pʰral, *pʰrals
*pʰralʔ, *paːl
*bral
*bral
*bralʔ, *brals
*brals
*brals
*mbralʔ
*paːl
*paːl, *baːl
*paːl
*paːlʔ, *paːls
*paːlʔ, *pʰaːlʔ
*pʰaːl, *pʰaːlʔ, *pʰaːls
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːl
*pʰaːls
*baːl
*baːl

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baːl): phonetic (OC *paːl) + semantic (woman) – a kind of woman.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰo³⁵/
Harbin /pʰɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰo⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰə⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰo⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰo²⁴/ ~娘
/pʰo⁴⁴/ 丈夫母親
Xining /pʰɔ²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰuə⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰə⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰo²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰo³¹/
Guiyang /pʰo²¹/
Kunming /pʰo³¹/
Nanjing /pʰo²⁴/
Hefei /pʰʊ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰɔ¹³/
/pei¹³/ 老~
Hohhot /pʰɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bu²³/
Suzhou /bu¹³/
Hangzhou /bo²¹³/
Wenzhou /bøy³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰo⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /po¹³/
Xiangtan /bo¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰo²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰo¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰo¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɔ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /po³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /po⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔ²¹/
/pɔ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰua⁵⁵/
/po⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fo³¹/
/ʔbo³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/buɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwa/
Li
Rong
/buɑ/
Wang
Li
/buɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ba ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤa[j]/
English 婆娑 saunter, dance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9734
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
  3. mother-in-law (of a woman); husband's mother
  4. woman in a particular profession
  5. pejorative suffix for a woman

Usage notes[edit]

In transcriptions of Buddhist terms, (MC buɑ) is often used to transcribe Sanskrit (ba), (bha) and (va).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
  3. crone

Readings[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune-Reischauer p'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.