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U+5B5B, 孛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B5B

[U+5B5A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B5C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十月弓木 (JBND), four-corner 40407, composition ⿱⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 278, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6949
  • Dae Jaweon: page 546, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1011, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B5B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
孛-oracle.svg 孛-bronze.svg 孛-bronze-spring.svg 孛-silk.svg 孛-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːds, *bɯːds, *bɯːd
*bɯːds, *bɯːd
*bɯːds, *bɯːd
*pʰɯːd
*pʰɯːd, *bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*pɯd

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𣎵 (growth) +  (child) – growing; vibrant; spirited. Original form of (OC *bɯːd, “exuberant”).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (42) (56)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buʌiH/ /buət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/buoiH/ /buot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɒiH/ /buət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwəjH/ /bwət̚/
Li
Rong
/buᴀiH/ /buət̚/
Wang
Li
/buɒiH/ /buət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ̆iH/ /bʱuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bwojH › ‹ bwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤ[u]t-s/ /*[b]ˤ[u]t/
English comet comet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 970 982
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːds/ /*bɯːd/
Definitions[edit]

  1. luxuriant; lush; flourishing
  2. radiance of comets; comet
      ―  xīngbèi  ―  comet
  3. Alternative form of (bèi, “disorderly; deviant; conflicting”).
  4. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. prefix particle in certain nouns
  2. Original form of (, “to change countenance; to become agitated”).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to push; to drive; exuberant; vigorous; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“and, name of a sea}}; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“neck”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ferrule; cakes, biscuits”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pae, bal) (hangeul , , revised pae, bal, McCune–Reischauer p'ae, pal, Yale phay, pal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.