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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷaː): semantic  ‎(child) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʷraː)

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +5 in Chinese, 子+6 in Japanese, in Chinese 8 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓木竹女人 (NDHVO), four-corner 12430, composition)

  1. orphan, fatherless
  2. solitary

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 279, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 547, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1014, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5B64

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ku⁵⁵/
Harbin /ku⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ku²¹/
Jinan /ku²¹³/
Qingdao /ku²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ku²⁴/
Xi'an /ku²¹/
Xining /kv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ku⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ku³¹/
Ürümqi /ku⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ku⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ku⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ku⁵⁵/
Kunming /ku⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ku³¹/
Hefei /ku²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ku¹¹/
Pingyao /ku¹³/
Hohhot /ku³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ku⁵³/
Suzhou /kəu⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ku³³/
Wenzhou /ku³³/
Hui Shexian /ku³¹/
Tunxi /ku¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ku³³/
Xiangtan /ku³³/
Gan Nanchang /ku⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ku⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /ku⁵³/
Nanning /ku⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ku⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ku⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ku⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kou³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku²³/ ~獨
/kɔu²³/ ~寒

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ko/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔ/
Li
Rong
/ko/
Wang
Li
/ku/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ku ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤa/
English orphan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4347
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. solitude, alone
  2. orphan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ku).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ko)

  1. an orphan
  2. solitude

Etymology 2[edit]

Jukujikun kanji use for the term みなしご, itself a compound of ‎(mi, identity, family) + ‎(nashi, none, without) + ‎(ko, child). The final syllable's ko reading changes to go due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みなしご, romaji minashigo)

  1. orphan

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, co, còi, côi, go, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.