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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓木竹女人 (NDHVO), four-corner 12430, composition)

  1. orphan, fatherless
  2. solitary

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 279, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 547, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1014, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5B64

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (孤), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古胡切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuo/ /kuo/ /ko/ /kuo/ /kɔ/ /ku/ /ko/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ku › /*kʷˤa/ orphan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4347 0 /*kʷaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. solitude, alone
  2. orphan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ku).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ko)

  1. an orphan
  2. solitude

Etymology 2[edit]

Jukujikun kanji use for the term みなしご, itself a compound of ‎(mi, identity, family) + ‎(nashi, none, without) + ‎(ko, child). The final syllable's ko reading changes to go due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みなしご, romaji minashigo)

  1. orphan

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, co, còi, côi, go, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.