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See also:
U+5B6B, 孫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B6B

[U+5B6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B6C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓木竹女火 (NDHVF), four-corner 12493, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 279, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 548, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1016, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B6B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (son) +  (continue).

Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • sun (Min Nan)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *sju(w)-n (grandchild) (STEDT). Cognate with Bodo (India) sou (grandchild), Jingpho shu (grandchild).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sng/suiⁿ - vernacular (surname);
  • sun - literary (all sense, including surname, except in Zhangzhou).
Note:
  • seng1 - surname;
  • sung1 - other senses.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /suən²¹/
    Jinan /suẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /suə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /suən²⁴/
    Xi'an /suẽ²¹/
    Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən²¹³/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    /suən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /suə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /sun³¹/
    Hefei /sən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷen³³/
    Wenzhou /sø³³/
    Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /suːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sən³³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sun⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /syn⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬyn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /syn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun⁵⁵/
    /sŋ̍⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ³³/
    /sɯŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/
    /tun²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /suən/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /suon/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /suən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swən/
    Li
    Rong
    /suən/
    Wang
    Li
    /suən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /suən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sūn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sūn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ swon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁu[n]/
    English grandchild; descendant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12178
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. grandchild (Classifier: c;  c)
    2. (literary or dialectal) grandson (Classifier: c;  c)
    3. (chiefly Min) fraternal nephew
    4. descendant
    5. A surname​, listed third in the Baijiaxing
      中山 / 中山  ―  Sūn Zhōngshān  ―  Sun Yat-sen (provisionally served as the first president of the Republic of China)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • English: Sun, Suen
    • Tagalog: Suan (via Hokkien), Soon (via Hokkien)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. Grandchild.
    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    むまご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    1. grandchild
    2. descendants

    Noun[edit]

    (むまご) (mumago

    1. a grandchild

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うまご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    /mumaɡo//umaɡo/.

    Noun[edit]

    (うまご) (umago

    1. a grandchild

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    /umaɡo//maɡo/.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (まご) (mago

    1. a grandchild

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (son))

    1. grandson
    2. A surname​.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tôn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.