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See also:
U+5B6B, 孫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B6B

[U+5B6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B6C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓木竹女火 (NDHVF), four-corner 12493, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 279, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 548, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1016, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B6B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*suːn
*suːn
*suːn
*suːn
*suːns
*suːns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (son) +  (continue).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sng/suiⁿ - vernacular (surname);
  • sun - literary (all sense, including surname, except in Zhangzhou).
Note:
  • seng1 - surname;
  • sung1 - other senses.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /suən²¹/
    Jinan /suẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /suə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /suən²⁴/
    Xi'an /suẽ²¹/
    Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən²¹³/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    /suən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /suə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /sun³¹/
    Hefei /sən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷen³³/
    Wenzhou /sø³³/
    Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /suːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sən³³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sun⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /syn⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬyn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /syn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun⁵⁵/
    /sŋ̍⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ³³/
    /sɯŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/
    /tun²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /suən/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /suon/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /suən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swən/
    Li
    Rong
    /suən/
    Wang
    Li
    /suən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /suən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sūn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sūn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ swon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁu[n]/
    English grandchild; descendant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12178
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. grandchild
    2. (dialectal) grandson
    3. (chiefly Min) fraternal nephew
    4. descendant
    5. A surname​, listed third in the Baijiaxing

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 孫子 (“grandson (son's son)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 孫兒
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 孫子孫兒內孫
    Mandarin Beijing 孫子
    Taiwan 孫子
    Jinan 孫子兒
    Xi'an 孫子
    Wuhan 孫子
    Chengdu 孫兒
    Yangzhou 孫子
    Hefei 孫子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 孫仔
    Hong Kong 孫仔
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 孫子
    Hakka Meixian 孫仔
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 孫仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 孫仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 孫仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 孫仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan 孫子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 孫仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 孫囝丈夫孫
    Min Nan Xiamen 孫仔
    Quanzhou 孫仔
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan 孫仔
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia 孫仔
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila) 孫仔
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 孫子
    Suzhou 孫子
    Wenzhou 孫兒
    Xiang Changsha 孫崽孫崽子孫伢子孫子
    Shuangfeng
    Dialectal synonyms of 姪子 (“nephew (brother's son)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 姪子
    Mandarin Beijing 姪兒姪子
    Taiwan 姪子姪兒
    Harbin 姪兒姪子
    Shenyang 姪兒
    Hailar 姪子姪兒
    Bayanhot 姪兒子
    Jinan 姪子姪兒
    Muping 姪兒
    Luoyang 姪子
    Jiedian 姪兒
    Xi'an 姪兒
    Zhengzhou 姪兒
    Xining 姪兒
    Xuzhou 姪兒姪子
    Yinchuan 姪兒子
    Lanzhou 姪兒子
    Ürümqi 姪兒子姪子
    Wuhan 姪兒子姪兒姪子伢姪子
    Chengdu 姪兒子姪兒
    Guiyang 姪兒子
    Liuzhou 姪崽
    Kunming 姪兒子
    Yangzhou 姪子
    Nanjing 姪子
    Hefei 姪兒姪子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 姪仔
    Hong Kong 姪仔
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan 姪子
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan 姪仔
    Yangjiang 阿姪
    Nanning 姪仔
    Kuala Lumpur 姪仔
    Gan Nanchang 姪子
    Lichuan 姪子姪崽
    Pingxiang 姪子
    Hakka Meixian 姪仔
    Luchuan
    Changting 姪哩
    Wuping 姪子
    Ninghua 孫哩姪哩
    Yudu 姪子老姪
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 姪仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 姪仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 姪仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 姪仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 姪子孫仔
    Hong Kong 姪子
    Senai 姪兒
    Huizhou Jixi 姪仂
    Jin Taiyuan 姪兒子
    Xinzhou 姪兒子
    Hohhot 姪兒子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 孫仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Yongtai 孫囝
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde 孫囝
    Shouning 孫囝
    Zhouning
    Fuding 孫囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 姪仔孫仔
    Quanzhou 孫仔
    Zhangzhou 孫仔
    Taipei 姪仔
    Kaohsiung 姪仔孫仔
    Tainan 叔孫仔姪仔孫仔
    Taichung 姪仔孫仔
    Hsinchu 孫仔
    Lukang 姪仔孫仔
    Sanxia 姪仔
    Yilan 姪仔孫仔
    Kinmen 姪仔孫仔
    Magong 姪仔孫仔
    Penang 孫仔叔孫
    Singapore 孫仔
    Pingnan 姪仔
    Chaozhou 逗孫
    Haifeng 孫仔
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou 姪子
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning 姪子
    Wu Shanghai 阿姪姪子
    Suzhou 阿姪姪兒子
    Hangzhou 姪兒
    Wenzhou 阿姪
    Chongming 阿姪
    Danyang 姪子
    Jinhua 姪兒
    Ningbo 阿姪
    Xiang Changsha 姪兒子姪兒姪子
    Shuangfeng 姪佬姪兒子
    Loudi 姪兒子
    Quanzhou 姪崽

    Descendants[edit]

    • Tagalog: Suan (via Hokkien)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    むまご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    1. grandchild
    2. descendants

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むまご, rōmaji mumago)

    1. a grandchild

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うまご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    mumaɡoumaɡo.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うまご, rōmaji umago)

    1. a grandchild

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    umaɡomaɡo.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana まご, rōmaji mago)

    1. a grandchild

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (son) (hangeul , revised son, McCune–Reischauer son)

    1. grandson
    2. A surname​.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: tôn, cháu, tun

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.