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U+5B85, 宅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B85

[U+5B84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B86]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十竹心 (JHP), four-corner 30714, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 281, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7064
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 913, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B85

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *r'aːɡ): semantic (roof) + phonetic (OC *ʔr'aːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

slang
“someone who stays at home”
Ultimately from a orthographic borrowing from Japanese お宅 (otaku); this sense developed from the influence of its orthography.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhái - vernacular;
  • zhè - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note: tia̍k/te̍k - literary, the̍h/the̍eh - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
    /t͡sai²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sai⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂei⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂe⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sɨ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
    /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
    Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡saʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zɑ²/
    Wenzhou /d͡za²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛ²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰa¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚⁵/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sak̚²/
    Nanning /t͡sak̚²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sak̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
    /tʰik̚⁵/
    /tʰeʔ⁵/ 厝~
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɛiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰeʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (113)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠæk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚak̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡak̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖaɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡɐk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡɐk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱɐk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhé
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zak6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhái
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dræk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-tˁ<r>ak/
    English residence

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16929
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*r'aːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. residence; dwelling; house; home
        ―  zhùzhái  ―  residence
    2. tomb; grave
    3. to reside; to dwell
    4. to place
      仁厚  ―  zháixīn rénhòu  ―  to settle the mind with benevolence and generosity
    5. (slang) Describing someone who prefers to stay at home rather than go outside; a homebody

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. home

    Readings[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    たく
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (たく) (taku

    1. home
    2. husband

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠæk̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᄄᆡᆨ〮 (Yale: ttóyk)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] (Yale: cìp) ᄐᆡᆨ〮 (Yale: thóyk)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (jip taek))

    1. (only in compounds) Hanja form? of (house; home). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From a corrupted or unorthodox reading.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (jip daek))

    1. Hanja form? of (residence). [noun]
    2. Hanja form? of (a respectful term of address for someone of equal or lower status). [pronoun]
    Usage notes[edit]

    When used in isolation, this reading is used to address others or people's houses in a polite manner.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: trạch

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.