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U+5B85, 宅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B85

[U+5B84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B86]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十竹心 (JHP), four-corner 30714, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 281, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7064
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 913, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B85

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔr'aː, *ʔr'aːɡs
*ʔr'aːɡs
*ʔr'aːɡs
*ʔr'aːɡs, *ʔl'aːb, *ʔl'aːɡ, *l̥ʰaːɡ, *ʔr'eːɡ
*ʔr'aːɡs, *hr'aːʔ, *ʔl'aːɡs
*hr'aː, *hr'aːɡs
*hr'aːɡs
*r'aː, *ʔl'aːɡs
*ʔl'aːɡs
*blaːɡ
*l̥ʰaːɡ
*l̥ʰaːɡ
*l̥ʰaːɡ
*l̥ʰaːɡ, *raːɡ, *ʔr'aːɡ
*l̥ʰaːɡ
*l̥ʰaːɡ
*l'aːɡ
*pr'aːɡ
*ʔr'aːɡ
*ʔr'aːɡ
*r'aːɡ
*ʔr'eːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *r'aːɡ): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (OC *ʔr'aːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

“someone who stays at home”
Ultimately from a orthographic borrowing from Japanese お宅 (otaku); this sense developed from the influence of its orthography.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhái - vernacular;
  • zhè - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note: tia̍k/te̍k - literary, the̍h/the̍eh - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂai²⁴/
    /t͡sai²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sai⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂei⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂe⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sɨ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
    /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
    Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡saʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zɑ²/
    Wenzhou /d͡za²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛ²²/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰa¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚⁵/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sak̚²/
    Nanning /t͡sak̚²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sak̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
    /tʰik̚⁵/
    /tʰeʔ⁵/ 厝~
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɛiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰeʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (113)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠæk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚak̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡak̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖaɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡɐk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡɐk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱɐk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhé
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhái
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dræk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-tˁ<r>ak/
    English residence

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16929
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*r'aːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. residence; dwelling; house; home
        ―  zhùzhái  ―  residence
    2. tomb; grave
    3. to reside; to dwell
    4. to place
      仁厚  ―  zháixīn rénhòu  ―  to settle the mind with benevolence and generosity
    5. (slang) Describing someone who prefers to stay at home rather than go outside; a homebody

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. home

    Readings[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    たく
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たく, rōmaji taku)

    1. home
    2. husband

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (daek, taek) (hangeul , , revised daek, taek, McCune–Reischauer taek, t'aek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trạch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.