安息

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Chinese[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (16)
Final () (61) (134)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑn/ /sɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑn/ /sɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑn/ /siek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔan/ /sik̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑn/ /siək̚/
Wang
Li
/ɑn/ /sĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑn/ /si̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ān xi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ān ān
Middle
Chinese
‹ 'an › ‹ 'an › ‹ sik › ‹ sik ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*sək/ /*sək/
English peace(ful) 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty) breathe 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11 13332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaːn/ /*slɯɡ/
Notes

Etymology 1[edit]

 
content; calm; still; quiet; to pacify; peace; how
 
rest; news; interest; breath
simp. and trad.
(安息)

Verb[edit]

安息

  1. to rest; to have a rest
  2. (euphemistic) to rest in peace
    安息  ―  Ānxī ba!  ―  Rest in peace!
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to have a rest):
edit
  • (to rest in peace):
edit
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(安息)
variant forms 安石

Phonetic transcription of the native name. Compare Parthian 𐭀𐭓𐭔𐭊(Aršak), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎣 (Aršaka-), Ancient Greek Ἀρσάκης (Arsákēs), the name of Arsaces I of Parthia who founded the dynasty.

Proper noun[edit]

安息

  1. (historical) Arsacid Empire; Parthian Empire
Derived terms[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: 3
そく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

安息 (hiragana あんそく, rōmaji ansoku)

  1. rest

See also[edit]