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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十木 (JD) or X十木 (XJD), four-corner 30904, composition)

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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Wikipedia

  1. A former dynasty in China, reigning from the end of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms to the beginning of the Yuan
  2. A former empire in China, occupying the eastern half of modern China
  3. The era of Chinese history during which the dynasty reigned
  4. A surname, listed 118th in the Baijiaxing
  5. A former duchy and kingdom in China, occupying an area southeast of the Yellow River during the Warring States period
  6. A Chinese constellation, considered a part of the Left Wall of the Heavenly Market Enclosure

Synonyms[edit]

Chinese dynasty and empire

Chinese kingdom

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 282, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7078
  • Dae Jaweon: page 554, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 915, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B8B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /suŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /suŋ⁵³/
Jinan /suŋ²¹/
Qingdao /səŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /suŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /suə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /suŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /sũn¹³/
Ürümqi /suŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /soŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /soŋ¹³/
Guiyang /soŋ²¹³/
Kunming /soŋ¹/
Nanjing /soŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /sũŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /soŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /soŋ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /soŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /soŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /san⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /soŋ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /sən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /suŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /suŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /suŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /soŋ³³/
Nanning /ɬuŋ³³/
Hong Kong /suŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /soŋ³⁵/
/taŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (5)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sòng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/suoŋH/ /suoŋH/ /soŋH/ /sawŋH/ /soŋH/ /suoŋH/ /suoŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sòng ‹ sowngH › /*[s]ˤuŋ-s/ (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12061 0 /*sluːŋs/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そう, romaji )

  1. Song (former Chinese dynasty)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune-Reischauer song)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tống)

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