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See also:
U+5BA3, 宣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BA3

[U+5BA2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BA4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十一日一 (JMAM), four-corner 30106, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 284, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 562, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 923, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5BA3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠖚 (historical form)
𡨈 (historical form)
𡩦 (historical form)
𡪏 (historical form)
(second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
宣-oracle.svg 宣-bronze.svg 宣-silk.svg 宣-seal.svg 宣-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰrolʔ, *qʰonʔ
*qʰoːn, *ɡoːn, *qʰon
*ɡoːn, *ɡɯːŋ
*ɡoːn
*ɡoːn, *kɯːŋ
*ɡoːn
*sqʰon
*qʰonʔ
*qʰonʔ
*ɡʷaːn
*ɡʷaːn, *ɢʷan
*sqʰʷan
*sqʰʷan, *qʰʷanʔ
*sqʰʷan
*sqʰʷans
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷan
*ɢʷan
*qʰʷans

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • suang1 - Shantou;
  • suêng1 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swian/
Li
Rong
/siuɛn/
Wang
Li
/sĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xuān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-qʷar/
English spread (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3954
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) to declare; to announce; to proclaim
  2. (archaic) to command (from a sovereign to a subject)
  3. (Internet, slang) to like (Contraction of 喜欢)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. proclaim, announce
  2. say

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC siuᴇn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana せん, rōmaji sen)

  1. proclamation (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Synonym: 宣旨 (senji)

Verb[edit]

する (hiragana せんする, rōmaji sen suru)

  1. declare (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Synonym: 宣言する (sengen suru)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana せん, rōmaji Sen)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune–Reischauer sŏn)

1. To declare, to give, to bestow.


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuyên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.