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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
宣-oracle.svg 宣-bronze.svg 宣-silk.svg 宣-bigseal.svg 宣-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十一日一 (JMAM), four-corner 30106, composition)

  1. declare, announce, proclaim

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 284, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 562, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 923, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5BA3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swian/
Li
Rong
/siuɛn/
Wang
Li
/sĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xuān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-qʷar/
English spread (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3954
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰon/

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to declare; to announce; to proclaim
  2. (archaic) to command (from a sovereign to a subject)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuyên)

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