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See also:
U+5BDD, 寝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BDD

[U+5BDC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BDE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十中一水 (JLME), composition𠬶)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 290, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7278
  • Dae Jaweon: page 574, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 946, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5BDD

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to sleep; room”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of classical verb (nu, see below), modern 寝る (neru, to sleep).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ne (kyūjitai )

  1. sleep, sleeping
    Synonyms: 睡眠 (suimin), 眠り (nemuri)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

() (nuintransitive nidan (kyūjitai )

  1. (archaic) to sleep
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
Irregular

⟨i1 → */ji//i/

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *uy, a reduced from of *suy. The initial *s was deleted due to phonetic similarity with (し, shi, death). Compare also 去ぬ (いぬ, inu, to leave) and 死ぬ (しぬ, shinu, to die).

Noun[edit]

() (i (kyūjitai )

  1. (obsolete) sleep, sleeping
    • c. late 9th–mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari (page 5)[2]
      そのあたりの(かき)にも、(いへ)(もん)にも、をる(ひと)だにたはやすく()るまじき(もの)を、()るはやすき()()ず、(やみ)()(いで)て、(あな)をくじり、かひ間見(まみ)、まどひあへり。
      Sono atari no kaki ni mo, ie no mon ni mo, oru hito dani tawayasuku miru majiki mono o, yoru[sic] hayasuki i mo nezu, yami no yo ni idete[sic], ana o kujiri, kai[sic]mami, madoiaeri.
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: S
on’yomi

/sim//simʉ//ɕimʉ//ɕiɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰiɪmX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しん) (shin (kyūjitai )

  1. sleep, sleeping
Derived terms[edit]

Affix[edit]

(しん) (shin (kyūjitai )

  1. sleep, sleeping
  2. inner parlor/parlour, living room

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Horiuchi, Hideaki; Ken Akiyama (1997) Taketori Monogatari, Ise Monogatari, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune–Reischauer ch'im)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.