尿

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尿 U+5C3F, 尿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3F

[U+5C3E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C40]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

尿 (radical 44, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸水 (SE), four-corner 77232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7651
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 966, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5C3F

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 尿
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
尿-oracle.svg 尿-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) in the oracle bone script. In the seal script, it became an ideogrammic compound (會意): (tail) + (water). later simplified into (“body”).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
尿
alternative forms

𡲘
𡱤

Related to Proto-Tai *niəwᴮ (urine) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liō/jiō/giō/liǒ - colloquial;
  • niāu - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /neuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /neuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /neuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /neuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nieuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nieuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    niào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    niu6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    niào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ newH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kə.nˁewk-s/
    English urine

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 尿
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9517
    Phonetic
    component
    尿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    尿
    Old
    Chinese
    /*neːwɢs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    尿

    1. urine (Classifier: m;  c)
    2. to urinate; to pee
    3. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin) to pay attention to someone
    4. (dialectal Mandarin) to yield to; to give up; to admit defeat
    5. (Tianjin) to fear; to be afraid of (the other party in a fight)
    6. (Tianjin) to lose heart; to be discouraged; to be cowardly
    7. (Tianjin) courage; guts
    8. (Ürümqi Mandarin) smug; cocky; pleased with oneself

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    尿

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • seoi1 - literary;
    • syu4 - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sui1 - literary;
    • su1 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Definitions[edit]

    尿

    1. (colloquial) urine
    2. (colloquial) to urinate; to pee
    3. (dialectal Mandarin) bad; spineless; poor; damned
    4. (Wuhan) to fail; to break down
    5. (Wuhan) ugly; plain-looking
    6. (Wuhan) wantonly; arbitrarily; carelessly

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    尿

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. urine

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    ゆまり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (yu, warm water) +‎ 放り (mari, excretion), the (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (maru, to excrete).[1][2][3]

    First cited to the Nihon Shoki of 720 C.E..[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(ゆまり) (yumari

    1. [720–???] (archaic, possibly obsolete) urine

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    ゆばり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /jumari//jubari/

    From 尿 (yumari). Bilabial nasal /m/ loses nasality, becoming /b/. Likely due to lexicalization of the term, and a loss of awareness of the origins of the mari portion.[1]

    First cited to the Wamyō Ruijushō of roughly 934 C.E..[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(ゆばり) (yubari

    1. [from 934] urine

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    いばり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /jumari//jubari/ → */jʉbari//ibari/

    Shift from 尿 (yubari).[1][3]

    Appears in a text from roughly 950 C.E..[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(いばり) (ibari

    1. [from 950] urine

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    ばり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Shortening of yubari[1][2][3] or ibari.[1][2][5]

    First cited to the early 1300s.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(ばり) (bari

    1. [from early 1300s] urine

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    しと
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Unknown. Possibly onomatopoeia.

    First cited to the Utsubo Monogatari of roughly 999 C.E..[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(しと) (shito

    1. [999–???] (archaic) urine

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    しし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From baby talk, as a reduplication of the initial shi- in shito.[1][2][3]

    First cited to a text from the late Muromachi period (late 1500s).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(しし) (shishi

    1. [late 1500s–???] (archaic, childish) urine

    Etymology 7[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    しい
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /ɕito//ɕi//ɕiː/

    From baby talk.[1][2][3] From shito, formed by dropping the second syllable and lengthening the vowel.[1][2]

    /ɕiɕi//ɕiːɕiː//ɕiː/

    Alternatively, from shishi, formed by lengthening the vowel and dropping the second syllable.[2]

    First cited to a text from the late 1700s.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(しい) (shī

    1. [late 1700s–???] (archaic, childish) urine

    Etymology 8[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    尿
    にょう
    Grade: S
    goon
    Alternative spelling

    /neu//njoː/

    Ultimately from Middle Chinese 尿 (MC neuH, “urine”).

    First cited to a text from 1275.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    尿(にょう) (nyōねう (neu)?

    1. [from 1275] urine

    References[edit]

    1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese 尿 (MC neuH). Recorded as Middle Korean 뇨〯 (Yale: nyo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    尿 (eumhun 오줌 (ojum nyo), South Korea 오줌 (ojum yo))

    1. Hanja form? of / (urine).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    尿: Hán Nôm readings: niếu, niệu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.