尿

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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

尿 (radical 44 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸水 (SE), four-corner 77232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7651
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 966, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5C3F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
尿

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(body) +  ‎(water).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character 尿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/neuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/neuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/neuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛwH/
Li
Rong
/neuH/
Wang
Li
/nieuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nieuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 尿
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niào
Middle
Chinese
‹ newH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kə.nˤewk-s/
English urine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 尿
Reading # 1/1
No. 9517
Phonetic
component
尿
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
尿
Old
Chinese
/*neːwɢs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

尿

  1. urine
  2. to urinate; to pee
  3. (dialectal Mandarin)
    1. to pay attention to someone
    2. to yield to; to give up; to admit defeat
    3. to fear; to be afraid of (the other party in a fight)
    4. to lose heart; to be discouraged; to be cowardly
    5. courage; guts
    6. smug; cocky; pleased with oneself

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

尿

  1. (colloquial) urine
  2. (colloquial) to urinate; to pee
  3. (dialectal Mandarin) bad; spineless; poor; damned
  4. (Southwestern Mandarin)
    1. to fail; to break down
    2. ugly; plain-looking
    3. wantonly; arbitrarily; carelessly

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

尿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. urine

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of ‎(yu, warm water) the nominalization of the verb 放る ‎(maru, excrete).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana ゆまり, romaji yumari)

  1. urine

Etymology 2[edit]

From 尿 ‎(yumari). Bilabial nasal /m/ loses nasality becoming /b/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana ゆばり, romaji yubari)

  1. urine

Etymology 3[edit]

From 尿 ‎(yubari). Inital /yu/ > */yi/ > /i/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana いばり, romaji ibari)

  1. urine

Etymology 4[edit]

From 尿 ‎(yubari), with the initial /yu/ dropping off.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana ばり, romaji bari)

  1. urine

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana しと, romaji shito)

  1. urine

Etymology 6[edit]

Cognate with 尿 ‎(shito) and 尿 ‎(shii).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. urine

Etymology 7[edit]

Cognate with 尿 ‎(shito) and 尿 ‎(shishi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana しい, romaji shii)

  1. urine

Etymology 8[edit]

/neu/ > [njoː].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

尿 ‎(hiragana にょう, romaji nyō, historical hiragana ねう)

  1. urine

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

尿 ‎(nyo) (hangeul , revised nyo, McCune-Reischauer nyo)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

尿 (niếu, niệu)

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