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U+5C48, 屈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C48

[U+5C47]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C49]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
屈-bronze.svg 屈-silk.svg 屈-bigseal.svg 屈-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰuːlʔ, *ŋrɯd, *ʔr'uːd, *ŋruːd
*kljods
*sqʰluds
*kʰljuds, *kʰljud
*ʔl'ɯd, *skruːd, *skrod, *skrud
*qʰlɯd, *l̥ʰud
*ŋr'uːd
*ŋr'oːd
*ʔl'oːd, *ʔl'uːd
*sɡloːd, *ʔl'uːd
*kljod
*kljod, *l̥ʰud
*ɡlod, *ɡlud
*l'uːd
*kluːd, *qʰluːd
*kluːd, *ɡluːd
*kʰluːd
*kʰluːd, *ʔl'ud
*kʰluːd, *ɡlud
*kʰluːd, *pʰlɯːlʔ, *pʰlɯːls, *pʰlɯlʔ
*ʔl'ud
*ʔl'ud
*l̥ʰud
*klud, *kʰlud
*klud
*klud
*kʰlud
*ɡlud
*ɡlud, *ŋɡlud

Simplified from 𡲶.

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸山山 (SUU), four-corner 77272, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 301, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 970, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C48

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiut̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /wɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (29)
Final () (60) (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨut̚/ /kʰɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiut̚/ /kʰiut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kut̚/ /kʰut̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuət̚/ /kʰĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uət̚/ /kʰi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju qu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjut › ‹ khjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-[kʰ]ut/ /*[kʰ]ut/
English bent bend, subdue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1579 1583
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𠀔
Old
Chinese
/*klud/ /*kʰlud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bend, flex
  2. bent, crooked
  3. crouch

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. yield

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gul) (hangeul , revised gul, McCune-Reischauer kul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khuất, quất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.