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U+5C48, 屈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C48

[U+5C47]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C49]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 44, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸山山 (SUU), four-corner 77272, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 301, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 970, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C48

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Originally 𡲶. Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *klud, *kʰlud): phonetic (OC *kʰljuds, *kʰljud) + semantic (tail). became in clerical script.

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kuh4 - dialectal ("to curl, to coil");
  • kug8 - dialectal ("short");
  • kuh8 - dialectal (in 屈屈 - tired, lethargic).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiut̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰut̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐt̚⁵/
    Nanning /wɐt̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /wɐt̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰut̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰouʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuk̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xut̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (28) (29)
    Final () (60) (60)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Baxter kjut khjut
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨut̚/ /kʰɨut̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiut̚/ /kʰiut̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kut̚/ /kʰut̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭuət̚/ /kʰĭuət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯uət̚/ /kʰi̯uət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ju qu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gwat1 fat1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjut › ‹ khjut ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Nə-[kʰ]ut/ /*[kʰ]ut/
    English bent bend, subdue

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1579 1583
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𠀔
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klud/ /*kʰlud/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to bend; to flex
    2. bent; crooked
    3. to condescend
    4. to submit; to yield
    5. to subdue; to cause to submit
    6. to treat unjustly; to wrong
    7. to be in the wrong
    8. (Cantonese) to frame; to accuse
      唔好 [Cantonese, trad.]
      唔好 [Cantonese, simp.]
      nei5 m4 hou2 wat1 dak1 zau6 wat1 wo3! [Jyutping]
      Don't frame [me] as long as there's an opportunity to do so!
    9. (Hong Kong Cantonese) Short for 屈機屈机.
    10. a surname
        ―  Yuán  ―  Qu Yuan (Chinese politician and poet of the state of Chu during the last years of the Warring States period)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. short
    2. to use up; to exhaust
    3. Alternative form of (stubborn; obstinate)
    4. Alternative form of (jué, exotic)
    5. Alternative form of (jué, to rise abruptly)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 屈狄 (quèdí, “a kind of noblewomen's clothing in ancient China”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to bend
    2. to submit, to yield

    Readings[edit]

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 굽을 (gubeul gul))

    1. Hanja form? of (bend, flex).
    2. Hanja form? of (bent, crooked).
    3. Hanja form? of (crouch).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khuất, quất

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.