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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The character is a pictograph representing [the remains of] rice (i.e. food, represented by the Chinese character ) being excreted out of a human body (); additionally, the radical is used for its phonetic value.

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 尸火木 (SFD), four-corner 77294, composition)

  1. excrement, dung

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 301, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7689
  • Dae Jaweon: page 598, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 973, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5C4E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(Jyutping hei1, si2, Yale hei1, si2)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. excrement, feces, poop

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い ‎(kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る ‎(kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit
Usage notes[edit]

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. A derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(Pinyin shǐ (shi3), Wade-Giles shih3)

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Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(śí)

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Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(TLPA (su2), sái (sai2))

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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thỉ, xái)

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