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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C71
Code point U+5C71
Entity number 山
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C70] [U+5C72]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
山-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
山-cursive-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
山-oracle.svg 山-bronze.svg 山-silk.svg 山-bigseal.svg 山-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /san²¹/
Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
Xi'an /sã²¹/
Xining /sã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /sa³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /sɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /san³³/
Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /san⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /san⁵³/
Nanning /san⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /san⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /san⁵⁵/
/suã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
/tua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣɛn/ /ʂăn/ /ʃɛn/ /ʃɯæn/ /ʂəɨn/ /ʃæn/ /ʃæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shān ‹ srɛn › /*s-ŋrar/ mountain, hill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11052 2 /*sreːn/

Noun[edit]

(classifier (zuò))

  1. mountain, hill
  2. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  3. gable

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Shan

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “would benefit from having multiple etymology senses covering the native Japanese word and Sino-Japanese word written with the same character. See how does it.”

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
やま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

Quotations[edit]

Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(san, sơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.