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U+5C71, 山
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C71

[U+5C70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C72]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
山-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
山-cursive-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

  1. Kangxi radical #46, (mountain).

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
山-oracle.svg 山-bronze.svg 山-silk.svg 山-bigseal.svg 山-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːn
*sreːn, *sraːns
*sreːn
*sreːnʔ, *sraːns
*sraːn, *sraːns
*sen
*sen
*sen
*srin

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare (qiū), particularly earlier forms.

Etymology[edit]

Unknown – no known cognates outside Sino-Bai. Cognate with Central Bai svrt(mountain) (< Proto-Bai *sro⁴). Starostin compares it with Kayan sʰôn(mountain).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • san - literary;
  • soaⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /san²¹/
Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
Xi'an /sã²¹/
Xining /sã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /sa³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /sɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /san³³/
Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /san⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /san⁵³/
Nanning /san⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /san⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /san⁵⁵/
/suã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
/tua²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨn/
Li
Rong
/ʃɛn/
Wang
Li
/ʃæn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂăn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shān
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ŋrar/
English mountain, hill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mountain; hill   (Classifier: m c)
      ―  dēngshān  ―  to climb a mountain
  2. hill-shaped object
      ―  bīngshān  ―  iceberg
  3. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  4. gable
  5. A surname​. Shan

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “would benefit from having multiple etymology senses covering the native Japanese word and Sino-Japanese word written with the same character. See how does it.”

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
やま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

Quotations[edit]

Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(san, sơn)

  1. mountain