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Character  山 
Codepoint U+5C71

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
山-bw.png
Stroke order
山-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
山-cursive-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

山 山 山 山
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

  1. mountain, hill, peak

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hoisanese) IPA(key): [san˧]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping saan1, Yale saan1)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Jyutping saan1)

  1. mountain

Derived terms[edit]


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ san, Guangdong san1, Hagfa Pinyim san1)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shān (shan1), Wade-Giles shan1)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shān, measure word )

  1. mountain, hill
  2. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  3. gable

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shān)

  1. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-26.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*shrɛn)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ san, soaⁿ, TLPA san (san1), suann (suann1))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(san, sơn)


Wu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

(Shanghai) (Taihu Wu): sĘ(52)

References[edit]