工夫

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Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

 
work; worker; skill; profession; trade; craft; labor
husband; man
simp. and trad.
(工夫)
alt. forms 功夫


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (28) (1)
Final () (1) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/ /pɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/ /puə̆/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/ /pĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/ /pi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng

Noun[edit]

工夫

  1. time and effort taken to perform a task; work
  2. skills attained after taking the time and effort; skilfulness; expertise; workmanship
  3. work; labour; job; task
  4. time (for doing something); free time
  5. (colloquial) time (when something happened); moment; period
  6. Alternative form of 功夫 (gōngfu, “martial arts; kung fu”).

Adjective[edit]

工夫

  1. (Min Nan) skilful; delicate; refined
  2. (Taiwanese Min Nan and Hakka) thoughtful; thorough
  3. (Taiwanese Min Nan) too polite; too courteous

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

 
work; worker; skill; profession; trade; craft; labor
husband; man
simp. and trad.
(工夫)


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (28) (1)
Final () (1) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/ /pɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/ /puə̆/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/ /pĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/ /pi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng

Noun[edit]

工夫

  1. (literary) temporary worker; casual labour

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ふう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

工夫 (hiragana くふう, rōmaji kufū)

  1. device; scheme; devising; scheming
  2. dedication to spiritual improvement (especially through Zen meditation)

Verb[edit]

工夫する (hiragana くふう, rōmaji kufū)

  1. devise, come up with, contrive
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 4
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

工夫 (hiragana こうふ, rōmaji kōfu)

  1. labourer; blue-collar worker

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

工夫 (gongbu) (hangeul 공부)

  1. Hanja form? of 공부, “learning, study”.