市内

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See also: 市內

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 市內.
(This term, 市内, is the simplified form of 市內.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ない
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 市內 (/d͡ʑɨX nuʌiH/ invalid IPA characters (XH), literally city, town + inside, interior). Compare modern Mandarin 市內 reading shìnèi, Cantonese si5 noi6.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

市内 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 市內, hiragana しない, rōmaji shinai)

  1. the interior of a city
    市内 (しない) ()んでいる。
    Shinai ni sunde iru.
    I live in the interior of the city → I live in the city.

Usage notes[edit]

Sometimes glossed in English as adjectives local or intracity. However, it is important to note that the Japanese term is a noun, not an adjective. When used to modify another noun, 市内 either takes the possessive partcile (no) as in 市内学校 (shinai no gakkō, intracity schools, the schools in a city), or it is prefixed directly in a compound, as in 市内電車 (shinai densha, tram, streetcar, literally municipal or intracity train).

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3