平板式

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
へい
Grade: 3
ばん
Grade: 3
しき
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Compound of 平板 (heiban, flat; monotone) +‎ (shiki, style)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

平板式 (hiragana へいばんしき, rōmaji heiban-shiki)

  1. (phonetics) monotone style:
    The pitch accent pattern in Japanese where no syllable is accented: the first syllable has low pitch and all subsequent syllables have higher, gradually lowering pitch.

Usage notes[edit]

All accent patterns in Japanese may be described as either 平板式 (heiban-shiki) or 起伏式 (​kifuku-shiki). While 起伏式 is further divided into 頭高型 (​atamadaka-gata), 中高型 (​nakadaka-gata), and 尾高型 (​odaka-gata), there are no subcategories to 平板式. When contrasting with 頭高型, 中高型, or 尾高型, it is customary to use the word 平板型 to avoid the inconsistency of comparing (​-gata) with (​-shiki).

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]