幸福

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Chinese[edit]

fortunate; lucky
 
good fortune; happiness; luck; Fujian province (abbrev); a surname
simp. and trad.
(幸福)
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幸福

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (33) (1)
Final () (117) (4)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛŋX/ /pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæŋX/ /piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐŋX/ /piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨjŋX/ /puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣɛŋX/ /piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣæŋX/ /pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣæŋX/ /pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèng fu

Adjective[edit]

幸福

  1. (of one's life, circumstances, etc.) blessed and satisfactory; consummate; joyful; (of a person) living a blessed and contented life
    幸福  ―  Zhù nǐ xìngfú.  ―  Wish you happiness.
    幸福家庭  ―  xìngfú de jiātíng  ―  happy family
    幸福童年  ―  xìngfú de tóngnián  ―  happy childhood
    幸福婚姻  ―  xìngfú de hūnyīn  ―  happy marriage
    從此幸福快樂日子 / 从此幸福快乐日子  ―  cóngcǐ guò zhe xìngfú kuàilè de rìzi  ―  to live happily ever after

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning of this word is difficult to render accurately in English. It is typically glossed as “happy; happiness” in dictionaries, however, a sharp distinction between 幸福 and some of the other words for “happy” is made in Chinese.

Xingfu typically refers to a state of long-term happiness with one's life, and implies having a loving family, spouse, or a sense of general well-being. This is in contrast to words such as 開心开心 (kāixīn) and 快樂快乐 (kuàilè), which refer to a state of fleeting happiness, or a relatively short elevation in mood that comes with certain news, event, activity, etc.

Noun[edit]

幸福

  1. sense of contentment stemming from having a blessed and fulfilled life; blissful life or living circumstances; happiness
    幸福 / 幸福  ―  shài xìngfú  ―  to show off one's moments of happiness (on social media)
    婚姻幸福  ―  hūnyīn xìngfú  ―  to have a happy marriage
    追求幸福  ―  zhuīqiú xìngfú  ―  to pursue happiness
    創造幸福 / 创造幸福  ―  chuàngzào xìngfú  ―  to create happiness in life
    一點一滴幸福 / 一点一滴幸福  ―  yīdiǎnyīdī de xìngfú  ―  every little bits of happiness in life

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (幸福):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 3
ふく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

幸福 (-na inflection, hiragana こうふく, rōmaji kōfuku, historical hiragana かうふく)

  1. happy

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

幸福 (hiragana こうふく, rōmaji kōfuku, historical hiragana かうふく)

  1. happiness

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

幸福 (haengbok) (hangeul 행복)

  1. Hanja form? of 행복, “happiness”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

幸福

  1. Hán tự form of hạnh phúc, “happiness