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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𢆶 + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 52 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 女戈竹戈 (VIHI), four-corner 22253, composition𢆶)

Descendants[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 342, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 652, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1095, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5E7E

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (幾), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 渠希切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨi/ /ge̯i/ /ɡiəi/ /ɡɨi/ /gɨj/ /ɡĭəi/ /ɡiəi/
Character (幾), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居依切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨi/ /ke̯i/ /kiəi/ /kɨi/ /kɨj/ /kĭəi/ /kiəi/
Character (幾), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居狶切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨiX/ /ke̯iX/ /kiəiX/ /kɨiX/ /kɨjX/ /kĭəiX/ /kiəiX/
Character (幾), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 其旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨiH/ /ge̯iH/ /ɡiəiH/ /ɡɨiH/ /gɨjH/ /ɡĭəiH/ /ɡiəiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kjɨj › /*kəj/ small; almost
‹ kjɨjX › /*kəjʔ/ few; how many

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5795 1 /*kɯl/
5800 1 /*kɯlʔ/
5804 1 /*ɡɯl/
5806 1 /*ɡɯls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. how much; how many
  2. (of number, time, date) what; which
  3. a few; some; several
  4. almost
  5. (Cantonese) really, very, pretty, quite
    好睇 / 好睇 [Cantonese]  ―  gei2 hou2 tai2 [Jyutping]  ―  really good-looking
    嗰時媽媽一支支呢啲掛住落去辛苦有事 [Cantonese, trad.]
    嗰时妈妈一支支呢啲挂住落去辛苦有事 [Cantonese, simp.]
    From: [1]
    Go2 si4 ngo5 maa1-4 maa1 zau6 jiu3 jat1 zi1 zi1 gam2 ni1 di1 coeng4 zuk1 ne1, zau6 gwaa3 zyu6 di1 saam1 jiu3 jung6 keoi5 caap3 lok6 heoi3. Gei2 san1 fu2 ge3, jau5 si6 wui6 dit3 di1 zuk1 lok6 gaai1 wo3. [Jyutping]
    My mother used to stick sticks like those up there and hang clothes on them. It was rather difficult, and sometimes they would fall into the street.
    女朋友梗係理由 [Cantonese, trad.]
    女朋友梗系理由 [Cantonese, simp.]
    From: 陳慧嫻, 紅茶館
    Nei5 mou5 neoi5 pang4 jau5? Gang2 hai6 m4 seon3 laa1! Mou5 lei5 jau4 gaa3. Nei5... Gei2 hou2 aa3! [Jyutping]
    You don't have a girlfriend? Of course I don't believe you! Impossible. You're… not bad!
    其實難嘅 / 其实难嘅 [Cantonese]  ―  gei1 sat6 dou1 gei2 naan4 ge3 [Jyutping]  ―  it was actually rather difficult
  6. (Cantonese, of numeral amounts) some; something; odd
    八十 / 八十 [Cantonese]  ―  baat3 sap6 gei2 nin4 [Jyutping]  ―  eighty-something years; some eighty years

See also[edit]

  • (, “small table”)
  • 多少 (duōshǎo)

References[edit]

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #8349”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[2]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 幾程 (ikuhodo): how many, how much
  • 幾つ (ikutsu): how old
  • 幾ら (ikura): how many
  • 幾人 (ikunin, ikutari): number of people
  • 幾何 (kika, ikubaku): geometry
  • 幾何学 (kikagaku): geometry (study of)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いく, romaji iku)

  1. some, several

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana いく, romaji iku-)

  1. how many, how much
    幾箱要 (いくはこい)りますか
    iku hako irimasu ka
    How many boxes do you want?
  2. some, several, having an indefinite number or quantity
    幾千 (いくせん) () (ひと)
    iku sen to iu hito
    Several thousands of people
  3. some, many, having a considerable number
    幾日 (いくにち) ()っていた
    iku nichi mo itte ita
    I was gone for many days

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, kỉ, ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.