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See also:
U+5E95, 底
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E95

[U+5E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E96]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 53, 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹心一 (IHPM) or 戈竹女戈 (IHVI), four-corner 00242, composition广)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 344, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9262
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 878, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5E95

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːlʔ): semantic 广 (building) + phonetic  (OC *tiːl, *til) – the bottom or base, foundation of a building. Note that 氐 is a figure bowing or stooping, hence connotation of “down”.

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with (OC *tiːl, “to lower; low”), (OC *tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls, “root of a tree; base”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tái - vernacular;
  • tí - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • dā̤ - vernacular;
    • dī - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
      • té - literary;
      • tóe - vernacular;
      • tí - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
    • Zhangzhou:
      • té - literary;
      • tí - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
    • Taiwan:
      • té/tóe/tére - vernacular;
      • tí - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • doi2/doin2 - vernacular;
    • di2 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ti²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ti²¹³/
    Tianjin /ti¹³/
    Jinan /ti⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ti⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ti⁵³/
    Xi'an /ti⁵³/
    Xining /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ti⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ti⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ti⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ti⁴²/
    Chengdu /ti⁵³/
    Guiyang /ti⁴²/
    Kunming /ti⁵³/
    Nanjing /ti²¹²/
    Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ti⁵³/
    Pingyao /ti⁵³/
    Hohhot /ti⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
    Suzhou /ti⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ti⁵³/
    Wenzhou /tei³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ti³⁵/
    Tunxi /te³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ti⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ti⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ti²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /tai³¹/
    Taoyuan /tɑi³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐi³⁵/
    Nanning /tɐi²²/
    Hong Kong /tɐi³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /te⁵³/
    /tue⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tai²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /toi⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdi²¹³/
    /ʔdɔi²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /teiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /teiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /teiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tieiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tieiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁijʔ/
    English bottom; stop, obstruct

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2244
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tiːlʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bottom; underneath; underside
    2. ground; background
    3. ins and outs; actual situation
    4. master copy
    5. end (of a year or month)
      年底, 月底
      六月 [Cantonese]  ―  luk6 jyut6 dai2 [Jyutping]  ―  end of June
    6. remnants; remains; leftovers
    7. (Min Nan) inside
    8. (mathematics) base (of triangle, logarithm, etc.)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. possessive particle, equivalent to modern Mandarin (de)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min) which; what

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    そこ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (そこ) (soko

    1. the bottom
      (そこ)(しず)
      soko ni shizumu
      sink to the bottom
    Derived terms[edit]
    Antonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    てい
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (tejX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (てい) (tei

    1. base of a logarithm

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeo, ji) (hangeul , , revised jeo, ji, McCune–Reischauer chŏ, chi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: để, đáy

    1. to place