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See also:
U+5E95, 底
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E95

[U+5E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E96]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹心一 (IHPM) or 戈竹女戈 (IHVI), four-corner 00242, composition广)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 344, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9262
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 878, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5E95

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
tiːl
tiːl, *til
tiːl
tiːl
tiːl, *djilʔ
tiːl, *dil
tiːl
tiːl, *tiːls
tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls
tiːlʔ
tiːlʔ
tiːlʔ, *diːl
tiːlʔ, *tjelʔ, *dil
tiːlʔ
tiːlʔ
tiːlʔ
tiːlʔ
tiːlʔ
tiːls
tjelʔ, *tjil, *tjilʔ, *tjils
til
til
til
dil
dil
dil
dil
dil
tjil
tjilʔ, *tjɯʔ
tjilʔ
tʰjil
kjeʔ, *tjil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːlʔ): semantic 广 (building) + phonetic  (OC *tiːl, *til) – the bottom or base, foundation of a building. Note that 氐 is a figure bowing or stooping, hence connotation of “down”.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tái - vernacular;
  • tí - literary.
Note:
  • dā̤ - vernacular;
  • dī - literary.
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • té - literary;
    • tóe - vernacular;
    • tí - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
  • Zhangzhou:
    • té - literary;
    • tí - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
  • Taiwan:
    • té/tóe/tére - vernacular;
    • tí - literary.
Note:
  • doi2/doin2 - vernacular;
  • di2 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ti²¹⁴/
Harbin /ti²¹³/
Tianjin /ti¹³/
Jinan /ti⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ti⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ti⁵³/
Xi'an /ti⁵³/
Xining /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ti⁵³/
Lanzhou /ti⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ti⁵¹/
Wuhan /ti⁴²/
Chengdu /ti⁵³/
Guiyang /ti⁴²/
Kunming /ti⁵³/
Nanjing /ti²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ti⁵³/
Pingyao /ti⁵³/
Hohhot /ti⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
Suzhou /ti⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ti⁵³/
Wenzhou /tei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ti³⁵/
Tunxi /te³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ti⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ti⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ti²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tai³¹/
Taoyuan /tɑi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐi³⁵/
Nanning /tɐi²²/
Hong Kong /tɐi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /te⁵³/
/tue⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tai²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdi²¹³/
/ʔdɔi²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/teiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjX/
Li
Rong
/teiX/
Wang
Li
/tieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤijʔ/
English bottom; stop, obstruct

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bottom; underneath; underside
  2. ground; background
  3. ins and outs; actual situation
  4. master copy
  5. end (of a year or month)
  6. remnants; remains; leftovers
  7. (Min Nan) inside
  8. (mathematics) base (of triangle, logarithm, etc.)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. possessive particle, equivalent to modern Mandarin (de)

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) which; what

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“which”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
そこ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そこ, rōmaji soko)

  1. the bottom
Derived terms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (tejX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana てい, rōmaji tei)

  1. base of a logarithm

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo, ji) (hangeul , , revised jeo, ji, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, chi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(để, đáy, đé, đẽ, đây)

  1. to place