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U+5E95, 底
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E95

[U+5E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E96]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
底-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹心一 (IHPM) or 戈竹女戈 (IHVI), four-corner 00242, composition广)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 344, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9262
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 878, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5E95

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tiːl
*tiːl, *til
*tiːl
*tiːl
*tiːl, *djilʔ
*tiːl, *dil
*tiːl
*tiːl, *tiːls
*tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ, *diːl
*tiːlʔ, *tjelʔ, *dil
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːls
*tjelʔ, *tjil, *tjilʔ, *tjils
*til
*til
*til
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*tjil
*tjilʔ, *tjɯʔ
*tjilʔ
*tʰjil
*kjeʔ, *tjil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːlʔ): semantic 广(building) + phonetic (OC *tiːl, *til) – the bottom or base, foundation of a building. Note that 氐 is a figure bowing or stooping, hence connotation of “down”.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tái - vernacular;
  • tí - literary.
Note:
  • dā̤ - vernacular;
  • dī - literary.
Note:
  • té, tóe, tér, teré - vernacular (tér - rare in Quanzhou);
  • tí - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ti²¹⁴/
Harbin /ti²¹³/
Tianjin /ti¹³/
Jinan /ti⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ti⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ti⁵³/
Xi'an /ti⁵³/
Xining /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ti⁵³/
Lanzhou /ti⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ti⁵¹/
Wuhan /ti⁴²/
Chengdu /ti⁵³/
Guiyang /ti⁴²/
Kunming /ti⁵³/
Nanjing /ti²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ti⁵³/
Pingyao /ti⁵³/
Hohhot /ti⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
Suzhou /ti⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ti⁵³/
Wenzhou /tei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ti³⁵/
Tunxi /te³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ti⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ti⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ti²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tai³¹/
Taoyuan /tɑi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐi³⁵/
Nanning /tɐi²²/
Hong Kong /tɐi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /te⁵³/
/tue⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tai²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdi²¹³/
/ʔdɔi²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/teiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjX/
Li
Rong
/teiX/
Wang
Li
/tieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤijʔ/
English bottom; stop, obstruct

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bottom; underneath; underside
  2. ground; background
  3. ins and outs; actual situation
  4. master copy
  5. end (of a year or month)
  6. remnants; remains; leftovers
  7. (Min Nan) inside
  8. (mathematics) base (of triangle, logarithm, etc.)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. possessive particle, equivalent to modern Mandarin (de)

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) which; what

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
そこ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そこ, romaji soko)

  1. the bottom
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (tejX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana てい, romaji tei)

  1. base of a logarithm

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeo, ji) (hangeul , , revised jeo, ji, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, chi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(để, đáy, đé, đẽ, đây)

  1. to place