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U+5F40, 彀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F40
弿
[U+5F3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F41]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土弓竹弓水 (GNHNE) or X土弓竹弓 (XGNHN), four-corner 47247, composition𣪊)

  1. enough, adequate
  2. fully, quite

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 360, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 678, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2161, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5F40

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːɡs
*kʰoːɡs
*kʰoːɡs
*pɢroːɡ, *qʰoːɡ
*kroːɡ, *koːɡ
*kʰroːɡ
*kʰroːɡ
*kʰroːɡ, *ɡoːɡ
*qʰroːɡ, *qʰoːɡ
*kloːɡ
*kloːɡ
*kloːɡ
*kloːɡ
*koːɡ
*ɡloːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwH/
Li
Rong
/kuH/
Wang
Li
/kəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤ(r)ok-s/
English draw a bow to the full

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7413
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. enough
  2. adequate fully
  3. quite

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. draw a bow to the full
  2. shoot a bow

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]