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See also:
U+5F62, 形
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F62

[U+5F61]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F63]
形 U+2F899, 形
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F899
𦇚
[U+2F898]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 彫
[U+2F89A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 59, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一廿竹竹竹 (MTHHH), four-corner 12422, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 363, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 681, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 852, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5F62

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𢒈

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
形-seal.svg 形-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + . In current form has been simplified to .

It may also be interpreted as a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡeːŋ): phonetic  (OC *skeŋʔ) + semantic , if the original character was 𢒈.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕiŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²⁴/
Xining /ɕiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕin²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕin³¹/
Guiyang /ɕin²¹/
Kunming /ɕĩ³¹/
Nanjing /ɕin²⁴/
Hefei /ɕin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦin¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦin²¹³/
Wenzhou /jaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕin¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hin¹¹/
Taoyuan /hin¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ²¹/
Nanning /jeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /jiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /heŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦeŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦeŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣeŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xíng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xíng
Middle
Chinese
‹ heng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˁeŋ/
English form, shape

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6862
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡeːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. form; shape; appearance
    /   ―  xíngzhuàng  ―  form; appearance; shape
  2. image; appearance
  3. body; entity; contour
    /   ―  xíng  ―  physique
  4. style; vogue
  5. (grammar) Short for 形容詞形容词 (xíngróngcí, “adjective”).

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. shape, form, style

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably related to 堅い / 硬い / 固い (​katai), hard.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かた) (kata

  1. a shape
  2. a form
  3. a pattern, die, or model from which copies are made
  4. on a coin, the side with writing on it: see antonym 縵面 (​name)
  5. collateral for borrowed money

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from kata above. The kata changes to gata as an instance of rendaku (連濁). Only found in compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(がた) (-gata

  1. (affixed to nouns): the shape or form of the affixed noun
    (うず)()(がた)
    uzumakigata
    a whirlpool shape
    (たまご)(がた)
    tamagogata
    an egg shape
  2. (affixed to on'yomi nouns): a typical example of the affixed noun; the type of the affixed noun
    (がく)(しゃ)(がた)
    gakushagata
    a scholar type
    (えい)(ゆう)(がた)
    eiyūgata
    a hero type
Usage notes[edit]

For a shape, the spelling is more commonly used. For a type, the spelling is more commonly used.

Etymology 3[edit]

Derived from 形木 (​katagi), itself a compound of (kata, shape) +‎ (ki, tree, wood), meaning stencil. The ki changes to gi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かたぎ) (katagi

  1. social customs, mores
  2. one's appearance; one's stance or body language
  3. one's character, disposition, nature

Suffix[edit]

(かたぎ) (-katagi

  1. the character, disposition, or nature of the affixed noun

Etymology 4[edit]

Unknown. Appears to be /kata/ + /chi/, but the derivation of the /chi/ element is unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かたち) (katachi

  1. shape or form
  2. form, as opposed to substance
  3. shapeliness: see 形有り (​katachiari)

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle Chinese (heng). Compare modern Mandarin (xíng). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(けい) (-kei

  1. (linguistics) grammatical tense
    ()()(けい)
    kakokei
    the past tense
    (しょう)(らい)(けい)
    shōraikei
    the future tense
  2. (Japanese grammar) a conjugation form of a verb
    (れん)(よう)(けい)
    ren'yōkei
    the continuative form
    (めい)(れい)(けい)
    meireikei
    the imperative or command form

Etymology 6[edit]

From 成り (​nari), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative form) of the verb 成る (naru, to become).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The most common spelling for this use is なり, for all parts of speech.

Noun[edit]

(なり) (nari

  1. one's clothing and appearance
  2. one's body shape or form
  3. one's circumstances or situation
  4. one's reputation
  5. following the plain imperfective form (attributive form, 連対形 (​rentaikei)) or plain perfective form of a verb, indicates the state of the affixed verb or phrase: compare English just as
    (ひと)(びと)()なりになった
    hitobito no iu nari ni natta
    things turned out just as people were saying
  6. following the plain imperfective form (attributive form, 連対形 (​rentaikei)) of an adjective, indicates responding to the affixed adjective: compare English fitting
    (さむ)ければ(さむ)なり(あつ)()をする
    samukereba samui nari no atsugi o suru
    if it's cold, then put on warm clothing / if it's cold, then put on warm clothes for cold weather
  7. following the plain imperfective form (attributive form, 連対形 (​rentaikei)) of a verb, indicates the moment of the action occurring: compare English as soon as
    (ことわ)りを()なり()()した
    kotowari o kiku nari nakidashita
    she burst into tears as soon as she heard the rejection
  8. following a noun, indicates a state fitting or becoming to the affixed noun
    ()(ども)なり(そう)(ぞう)する
    kodomo nari ni sōzō suru
    imagine in a way fitting for a child / imagine like a child (implies that the subject is a child)
    ()(ぶん)なり(はん)(だん)
    jibun nari no handan
    my own kind of decision / deciding in my own way
  9. following a noun, indicates that shape or form: compare English like
    (ゆみ)なりになる
    yumi nari ni naru
    to become bow-shaped / to become like a bow

Suffix[edit]

(なり) (-nari

  1. following the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative form) of a verb, indicates the state of the affixed verb or phrase: compare English just as
    (ひと)(びと)()なりになった
    hitobito ga iinari ni natta
    things turned out just as people say

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeong) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer hyŏng, Yale hyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hình, hềnh)

  1. image
  2. a figure or a silhouette
  3. (Southern Vietnam) a photo; a picture
  4. (geometry) a shape
  5. Clipping of hình học (geometry).